Mortality and morbidity in community-acquired sepsis in European pediatric intensive care units: a prospective cohort study from the European Childhood Life-threatening Infectious Disease Study (EUCLIDS)



Boeddha, Navin P, Schlapbach, Luregn J, Driessen, Gertjan J, Herberg, Jethro A, Rivero-Calle, Irene, Cebey-Lopez, Miriam, Klobassa, Daniela S, Philipsen, Ria, de Groot, Ronald, Inwald, David P
et al (show 16 more authors) (2018) Mortality and morbidity in community-acquired sepsis in European pediatric intensive care units: a prospective cohort study from the European Childhood Life-threatening Infectious Disease Study (EUCLIDS). CRITICAL CARE, 22.

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Abstract

Background: Sepsis is one of the main reasons for non-elective admission to pediatric intensive care units (PICUs), but little is known about determinants influencing outcome. We characterized children admitted with community-acquired sepsis to European PICUs and studied risk factors for mortality and disability. Methods: Data were collected within the collaborative Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)-funded EUCLIDS study, which is a prospective multicenter cohort study aiming to evaluate genetic determinants of susceptibility and/or severity in sepsis. This report includes 795 children admitted with community-acquired sepsis to 52 PICUs from seven European countries between July 2012 and January 2016. The primary outcome measure was in-hospital death. Secondary outcome measures were PICU-free days censured at day 28, hospital length of stay, and disability. Independent predictors were identified by multivariate regression analysis. Results: Patients most commonly presented clinically with sepsis without a source (n = 278, 35%), meningitis/encephalitis (n = 182, 23%), or pneumonia (n = 149, 19%). Of 428 (54%) patients with confirmed bacterial infection, Neisseria meningitidis (n = 131, 31%) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 78, 18%) were the main pathogens. Mortality was 6% (51/795), increasing to 10% in the presence of septic shock (45/466). Of the survivors, 31% were discharged with disability, including 24% of previously healthy children who survived with disability. Mortality and disability were independently associated with S. pneumoniae infections (mortality OR 4.1, 95% CI 1.1–16.0, P = 0.04; disability OR 5.4, 95% CI 1.8–15.8, P < 0.01) and illness severity as measured by Pediatric Index of Mortality (PIM2) score (mortality OR 2.8, 95% CI 1.3–6.1, P < 0.01; disability OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.8–6.4, P < 0.001). Conclusions: Despite widespread immunization campaigns, invasive bacterial disease remains responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality in critically ill children in high-income countries. Almost one third of sepsis survivors admitted to the PICU were discharged with some disability. More research is required to delineate the long-term outcome of pediatric sepsis and to identify interventional targets. Our findings emphasize the importance of improved early sepsis-recognition programs to address the high burden of disease.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bacteremia, Meningococcal infections, Pneumococcal infections, Mortality, Morbidity
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2018 06:28
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2021 15:11
DOI: 10.1186/s13054-018-2052-7
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3022644