A hard x-ray photoemission study of transparent conducting fluorine-doped tin dioxide

Swallow, Jack EN, Williamson, Benjamin AD, Birkett, Max ORCID: 0000-0002-6076-6820, Abbott, Alex, Farnworth, Mark, Featherstone, Thomas J, Peng, Nianhua, Cheetham, Kieran J ORCID: 0000-0002-3534-2049, Warren, Paul, Regoutz, Anna
et al (show 5 more authors) (2018) A hard x-ray photoemission study of transparent conducting fluorine-doped tin dioxide. In: 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC & 34th EU PVSEC), 2018-6-10 - 2018-6-15, Waikoloa, Hawaii.

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Fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) is a commercially successful transparent conducting oxide with very good electrical (resistivities < 1 \times103 \Omega{cdot} cm) and optical properties (transmittance 85%). These properties coupled with cheap and large-scale deposition on float-glass lines means FTO has found commercial use in, for example, low emissivity windows and solar cells. However, despite its widespread application, a detailed understanding is lacking of the doping and defects in FTO. Recent work [1] has suggested that the fluorine interstitial plays a major role in limiting the conductivity of FTO. Here we present synchrotron radiation high energy x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) of the fluorine 1s core level of FTO films without in situ surface preparation. This probes deeper than standard XPS and shows that the fluorine interstitial is present not just at the surface of the films and is not an artefact of argon ion sputtering for surface preparation.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Unspecified)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fluorine-doped tin dioxide, SnO2, Transparent conducting oxides, HAXPES
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2018 08:07
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2024 07:13
DOI: 10.1109/pvsc.2018.8547950
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3023616