Precision Measurement of the First Ionization Potential of Nobelium



Chhetri, P, Ackermann, D, Backe, H, Block, M, Cheal, B, Droese, C, Duellmann, Ch E, Even, J, Ferrer, R, Giacoppo, F
et al (show 18 more authors) (2018) Precision Measurement of the First Ionization Potential of Nobelium. Physical Review Letters, 120 (26). 263003-1 - 263003-5.

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Abstract

One of the most important atomic properties governing an element’s chemical behavior is the energy required to remove its least-bound electron, referred to as the first ionization potential. For the heaviest elements, this fundamental quantity is strongly influenced by relativistic effects which lead to unique chemical properties. Laser spectroscopy on an atom-at-a-time scale was developed and applied to probe the optical spectrum of neutral nobelium near the ionization threshold. The first ionization potential of nobelium is determined here with a very high precision from the convergence of measured Rydberg series to be 6.626   21 ± 0.000   05     eV . This work provides a stringent benchmark for state-of-the-art many-body atomic modeling that considers relativistic and quantum electrodynamic effects and paves the way for high-precision measurements of atomic properties of elements only available from heavy-ion accelerator facilities.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2018 10:54
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2020 10:38
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.263003
Related URLs:
URI: http://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3024159