Growth of nano-tendril bundles on tungsten with impurity-rich He plasmas

Hwangbo, Dogyun, Kajita, Shin, Ohno, Noriyasu, McCarthy, Patrick, Bradley, James W and Tanaka, Hirohiko
(2018) Growth of nano-tendril bundles on tungsten with impurity-rich He plasmas. NUCLEAR FUSION, 58 (9). 096022-096022.

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Isolated regions of nano-tendril bundles (NTBs) have been grown on tungsten surfaces exposed to low-pressure direct-current helium plasma discharges operating with the addition of impurity gases, including neon, argon, nitrogen and residual air. Through the variation of impurity gas partial pressures and bombarding ion energies, threshold conditions and operational ranges for the growth of NTB's have been investigated. It was found that increasing the vacuum base-pressure from ∼10-5 to ∼10-4 Pa during the experiment could give rise to NTB formation without the need for other additional gases. In general, the required impurity gas ratio and the incident ion energy necessary to form these structures was found to vary across the range of different additional gas species, with a key parameter being the net erosion yield (Y) due to ion bombardment, Y ∼ 10-2-10-3, with the morphology altering with changing net erosion yield. It is predicted that erosion-deposition processes, acting upon existing He-induced morphology changes, are the precursors for NTB growth.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: helium, tungsten, plasma wall interaction, nanotendril, fuzz, sputtering, nano tendril bundles
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2018 09:53
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 01:30
DOI: 10.1088/1741-4326/aacd1f
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