Race and Radicalisation: Examining Perceptions Of Counter-Radicalisation Policy Amongst Minority Groups in Liverpool 8 and 24.

Peatfield, EJ
(2018) Race and Radicalisation: Examining Perceptions Of Counter-Radicalisation Policy Amongst Minority Groups in Liverpool 8 and 24. PhD thesis, University of Liverpool.

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This thesis critically analyses the UK Government’s current counter-radicalisation policy, focusing in particular on groups presented as vulnerable or susceptible to the drivers of radicalisation outlined within the counter-radicalisation policy Prevent (2011). Although there have been a number of studies looking at the effect of counter-radicalisation policy on Muslim communities in Britain, this study is unique in its kind, as it examines the impact of counter-radicalisation policy on non Muslim minorities. This work draws attention to the linking of terrorism to socio economically marginalised groups and the concomitant gaze of surveillance or suspicion directed towards those considered risky. Based on the evidence gathered, it is argued that the negative framing of communities based on race and class has linked them to the risk of radicalisation through the construction of counterradicalisation drivers and vulnerabilities. To explore the intersectionality of race and class with assumptions embedded in counter-radicalisation policy, the research employed both quantitative and qualitative methodology to examinee minority communities in two areas of Liverpool. The research sought to gauge how much non-Muslim minorities knew about Prevent (2011) and the drivers identified in the document, alongside whether they believed they had been affected by counter-radicalisation/terrorism policy. The first phase was designed to position the research by considering the dynamics of identity construction. Phase two used semi-structured interviews to directly gauge the opinions of the groups highlighted for concern, in order to assess what they thought of as their own ‘vulnerabilities’, and the capacity of the ‘drivers of radicalisation’ identified in Prevent (2011) to influence behaviour and action. 3 | Page Race and Radicalisation E J Peatfield University of Liverpool The evidence presented in the thesis suggests that racialisation of Muslims and a re-classification of minority groups as Muslim have seen many non-Muslim minorities subject to the same security intrusions as many British Muslims, through an amalgamation of risk-based interventions and institutional discrimination. It is argued that the concepts of race and ethnicity can be fluid and linked with economic salience, which could act as a determinant for treatment and representation by the state. This research also suggests that class can intersect with race and ethnicity to create new targets for counter-radicalisation and counter-terrorism consideration. The negative framing of poor communities within policy can create a local resilience towards state intrusions, but also creates deep social divides.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2018 16:07
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 01:28
DOI: 10.17638/03025104
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3025104