Trastuzumab uptake in HER2-positive breast cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Martin, Antony P ORCID: 0000-0003-4383-6038, Downing, Jennifer ORCID: 0000-0001-7691-1167, Cochrane, Madeleine, Collins, Brendan ORCID: 0000-0002-3023-8189, Francis, Ben ORCID: 0000-0002-2130-5976, Haycox, Alan ORCID: 0000-0001-6659-4866, Alfirevic, Ana ORCID: 0000-0002-2801-9817 and Pirmohamed, Munir ORCID: 0000-0002-7534-7266
(2018) Trastuzumab uptake in HER2-positive breast cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. CRITICAL REVIEWS IN ONCOLOGY HEMATOLOGY, 130. pp. 92-107.

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Overexpression of the HER2 gene is predictive of treatment benefit with trastuzumab therapy for breast cancer (BC) patients. The study objective was to investigate whether all eligible patients with HER2-positive BC initiated trastuzumab therapy. A systematic search was conducted through PubMed, Web of Science PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Cochrane Library. From 2651 studies identified, 107 observational studies were included for full text review, of which 26 met the inclusion criteria and an additional 7 studies were identified through citation searching. Two independent reviewers extracted data for accuracy and completeness. From 33 observational studies, 14,644 patients were exposed to trastuzumab therapy. Age range varied across studies; the youngest cohort had a median age of 50 and the oldest had a median age of 84. Sample sizes ranged from 11 to 1928 and included patients from 10 countries. Studies were heterogenous and few studies accounted for confounders. We identified large variability in uptake of trastuzumab in HER2-positive early BC patients (9.1-100%) and metastatic BC patients (50.8-84.0%). The pooled uptake was 71.3% (95% CI 64.6-77.9%), with high heterogeneity (I<sup>2</sup> = 99.05%). The most conservative predictors of higher uptake included younger age (OR 2.09; 95% CI 1.36-3.20) and lower Charlson Comorbidity Index of patients (OR 1.62; 95% CI 1.32-1.99). In addition, tumour characteristics including higher tumour grade (OR 1.73; 95% CI 1.23-2.45), larger tumour size (OR 1.80; 95% CI 1.54-2.10), advanced tumour stage (OR 2.07; 95% CI 1.44-2.96) and hormone receptor negative tumor (OR 1.54; 95% CI 1.35-1.77) were associated with higher uptake. The uptake of trastuzumab therapy varied widely between studies and across subgroups suggesting that there may be some inequalities in the use of this agent. However, our findings should be interpreted with caution due to study heterogeneity and potential confounding, and thus additional studies of individual level data which control for confounders are needed to understand more about inequalities in uptake.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: HER2-positive, Breast cancer, Trastuzumab, Uptake, Disparity
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2018 06:05
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 01:25
DOI: 10.1016/j.critrevonc.2018.07.012
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