New tools for carbohydrate sulphation analysis: Heparan Sulphate 2-<i>O</i>-sulphotranserase (HS2ST) is a target for small molecule protein kinase inhibitors



Byrne, Dominic P, Li, Yong, Ramakrishnan, Krithika ORCID: 0000-0002-4844-0975, Barsukov, Igor L ORCID: 0000-0003-4406-9803, Yates, Edwin A ORCID: 0000-0001-9365-5433, Eyers, Claire E ORCID: 0000-0002-3223-5926, Papy-Garcia, Dulcé, Chantepie, Sandrine, Pagadala, Vijayakanth, Liu, Jian
et al (show 6 more authors) (2018) New tools for carbohydrate sulphation analysis: Heparan Sulphate 2-<i>O</i>-sulphotranserase (HS2ST) is a target for small molecule protein kinase inhibitors.

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Abstract

<jats:title>ABSTRACT</jats:title><jats:p>Sulphation of carbohydrate residues occurs on a variety of glycans destined for secretion, and this modification is essential for efficient matrix-based signal transduction. Heparan sulphate (HS) glycosaminoglycans control physiological functions ranging from blood coagulation to cell proliferation. HS biosynthesis involves membrane-bound Golgi sulphotransferases, including heparan sulphate 2-<jats:italic>O</jats:italic>-sulphotransferase (HS2ST), which transfers sulphate from the co-factor PAPS (3’-phosphoadenosine 5’-phosphosulphate) to the 2-<jats:italic>O</jats:italic>position of α-L-iduronate in the maturing oligosaccharide chain. The current lack of simple non-radioactive enzyme assays that can be used to quantify the levels of carbohydrate sulphation hampers kinetic analysis of this process and the discovery of HS2ST inhibitors. In this paper, we describe a new procedure for thermal shift analysis of purified HS2ST. Using this approach, we quantify HS2ST-catalyzed oligosaccharide sulphation using a novel synthetic fluorescent substrate and screen the Published Kinase Inhibitor Set (PKIS), to evaluate compounds that inhibit catalysis. We report the susceptibility of HS2ST to a variety of cell permeable compounds<jats:italic>in vitro</jats:italic>, including polyanionic polar molecules, the protein kinase inhibitor rottlerin and oxindole-based RAF kinase inhibitors. In a related study, published back-to-back with this article, we demonstrate that Tyrosyl Protein Sulpho Tranferases (TPSTs) are also inhibited by a variety of protein kinase inhibitors. We propose that appropriately validated small molecule compounds could become new tools for rapid inhibition of glycan (and protein) sulphation in cells, and that protein kinase inhibitors might be repurposed or redesigned for the specific inhibition of HS2ST.</jats:p><jats:sec><jats:title>SUMMARY STATEMENT</jats:title><jats:p>We report that HS2ST, which is a PAPS-dependent glycan sulphotransferase, can be assayed using a variety of novel biochemical procedures, including a non-radioactive enzyme-based assay that detects glycan substrate sulphation in real time. HS2ST activity can be inhibited by different classes of compounds, including known protein kinase inhibitors, suggesting new approaches to evaluate the roles of HS2ST-dependent sulphation with small molecules in cells.</jats:p></jats:sec>

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2018 10:30
Last Modified: 02 May 2022 14:11
DOI: 10.1101/296533
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1042/BCJ20180265
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3027155