The novel anti-androgen candidate galeterone targets deubiquitinating enzymes, USP12 and USP46, to control prostate cancer growth and survival



McClurg, Urszula L ORCID: 0000-0003-2631-4174, Azizyan, Mahsa, Dransfield, Daniel T, Namdev, Nivedita, Chit, Nay CTH, Nakjang, Sirintra and Robson, Craig N
(2018) The novel anti-androgen candidate galeterone targets deubiquitinating enzymes, USP12 and USP46, to control prostate cancer growth and survival. Oncotarget, 9 (38). 24992 - 25007.

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Abstract

Metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer is one of the main causes of male cancer associated deaths worldwide. Development of resistance is inevitable in patients treated with anti-androgen therapies. This highlights a need for novel therapeutic strategies that would be aimed upstream of the androgen receptor (AR). Here we report that the novel small molecule anti-androgen, galeterone targets USP12 and USP46, two highly homologous deubiquitinating enzymes that control the AR-AKT-MDM2-P53 signalling pathway. Consequently, galeterone is effective in multiple models of prostate cancer including both castrate resistant and AR-negative prostate cancer. However, we have observed that USP12 and USP46 selectively regulate full length AR protein but not the AR variants. This is the first report of deubiquitinating enzyme targeting as a strategy in prostate cancer treatment which we show to be effective in multiple, currently incurable models of this disease.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: prostate cancer, castrate-resistance, USP12, USP46, galeterone
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2018 12:47
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2021 15:25
DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.25167
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3028461