Medical therapeutics and the place of healing in early medieval Culmen in Poland



Matczak, MD ORCID: 0000-0003-2934-0036 and Chudziak, W
(2018) Medical therapeutics and the place of healing in early medieval Culmen in Poland. World Archaeology, 50 (3). 434 - 460.

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Abstract

© 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This article presents examples of medical therapeutics based on artefacts, paleobotanical and osteological materials from early medieval (tenth– thirteenth-century) Culmen, as well as historical and ethnographic sources from Poland. Culmen comprised a stronghold, settlement and cemetery and was an important place for the early Piast state. In the eleventh century it was a centre of Piast power and in the twelfth century it became a castellany. The inhabitants of Culmen developed healthcare and healing practices which involved the use of objects: knives, sickles, belemnites; plants: elderflower, willow, narrow-leaf plantain, knot-grass, water-lily, guelder rose and hazels; as well as the bones of cats, dogs, horses and cattle. Special prayers and incantations also played an important role in healing practices. Feature 4/98, which is interpreted as a stone altar, was a designated place of magic and religious rituals connected with healing in Culmen.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2018 16:21
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2019 10:39
DOI: 10.1080/00438243.2018.1516565
URI: http://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3028481
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