Dried Blood Spheroids for Dry-State Room Temperature Stabilization of Microliter Blood Samples



Maher, S, Damon, Deidre E, Yin, Mengzhen, Allen, Danyelle M, Maher, Yosef S, Tanny, Christopher J, Oyola-Reynoso, Stephanie, Smith, Barry L ORCID: 0000-0001-5571-3647, Thuo, Martin M and Badu-Tawiah, Abraham K
(2018) Dried Blood Spheroids for Dry-State Room Temperature Stabilization of Microliter Blood Samples. Analytical Chemistry, 90 (15). 9353 - 9358.

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Abstract

It is well-known that 2D dried blood spots on paper offer a facile sample collection, storage, and transportation of blood. However, large volume requirements, possible analyte instability, and difficult sample recovery plague this method, lowering confidence in analyte quantification. For the first time, we demonstrate a new approach using 3D dried blood spheroids for stabilization of small volume blood samples, mitigating these effects without cold storage. Blood spheroids form on hydrophobic paper, preventing interaction between the sample and paper substrate, eliminating all chromatographic effects. Stability of the enzyme alanine transaminase and labile organic compounds such as cocaine and diazepam were also shown to increase in the spheroid by providing a critical radius of insulation. On-surface analysis of the dried blood spheroids using paper spray mass spectrometry resulted in sub-ng/mL limits of detection for all illicit drugs tested, representing 1 order of magnitude improvement compared with analysis from 2D dried blood spots.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anatomy, Hydrophobicity, Solvents, Pharmaceuticals, Stability
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2018 11:42
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2021 11:45
DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.8b01962
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3029097