A Positive Feedback Between Sediment Deposition and Tidal Prism May Affect the Morphodynamic Evolution of Tidal Deltas



Zhang, Xiaohe, Fagherazzi, Sergio, Leonardi, Nicoletta and Li, Jiufa
(2018) A Positive Feedback Between Sediment Deposition and Tidal Prism May Affect the Morphodynamic Evolution of Tidal Deltas. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE, 123 (11). 2767 - 2783.

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Abstract

Tidal deltas are fragile systems whose morphology can be easily impacted by variations in water and sediment fluxes caused by natural and human processes. Here we explore the relation between tidal prism and sediment dynamics in tidal deltas using the recent evolution of the Yangtze River estuary, China, as an example. Using the numerical model Delft3D, we examine how changes in delta morphology can trigger variations in tidal signal, suspended and bed load transport, and how these could ultimately cause additional morphological changes. Our results show that a positive feedback between sediment deposition and tidal prism dominates the morphodynamic evolution of the delta. Accretion of the shoals in the delta front increases the dissipation of tides and decreases the tidal prism leading to weaker tidal flows. This reduction in tidal currents lowers the sediment flushing capacity of the system, promoting deposition on the shoals and tidal dissipation. This positive feedback potentially traps more sediment in the delta topset and possibly offsets the decrease in sediment load triggered by the construction of upstream dams, often present in tidal deltas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: tidal delta, numerical simulation, hydrodynamics, sediment transport, morphology
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2018 09:48
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2021 04:35
DOI: 10.1029/2018JF004639
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3029184