Occlusal features and need for orthodontic treatment in persons with osteogenesis imperfecta.



Nguyen, Minh Son ORCID: 0000-0001-9568-596X, Binh, Ho Duy, Nguyen, Khac Minh, Maasalu, Katre, Kõks, Sulev ORCID: 0000-0001-6087-6643, Märtson, Aare ORCID: 0000-0003-4857-484X, Saag, Mare and Jagomägi, Triin ORCID: 0000-0003-4023-6256
(2017) Occlusal features and need for orthodontic treatment in persons with osteogenesis imperfecta. Clinical and experimental dental research, 3 (1). 19 - 24.

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to (a) analyse dental occlusion and determine the need for orthodontic treatment of persons with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) in comparison with the healthy population and (b) investigate the associations between OI and malocclusion. A case-control study included 26 OI persons and 400 healthy participants (control group). Occlusal features and the need for orthodontic treatment were defined according to Dental Health Component-Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need and Dental Aesthetic Index. Results showed that Angle Class I, II, and III relationship was found in 23.1%, 3.8%, and 73.1% of OI group, and in the control group, it was 67%, 17.5%, and 15.5%, respectively. OI group had significantly higher prevalence of reverse overjet >1 mm (76.9%), missing teeth (42.3%), posterior crossbite (34.6%), and open bite >2 mm (19.2%) compared to the control group (8.5%, 2.2%, 6.2%, and 3.5%, respectively). OI group had less incisal segment crowding and more incisal segment spacing than the control group (<i>p</i> < 0.05). The need for orthodontic treatment of OI group according to Dental Health Component-Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need and Dental Aesthetic Index was 88.5% and 61.5%, respectively, while in the control group, it was 24.8% and 51.8%. The malocclusion in OI persons was associated with reverse overjet > 1 mm (OR = 13.3, 95% CI = 3.9-44.7, <i>p</i> < .001), Angle Class III malocclusion (OR = 8.0, 95% CI = 2.0-30.8, <i>p</i> = .003), and missing teeth (OR = 4.7, 95% CI = 1.0-22.4, <i>p</i> = .049). In conclusion, there is the high probability of malocclusion in OI persons. Persons with OI require early orthodontic treatment because of significant correlation of OI disease with Angle Class III malocclusion, reverse overjet, and missing teeth.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2019 15:20
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2022 05:12
DOI: 10.1002/cre2.53
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3030786