Assessing Treatment Fidelity within an Epilepsy Randomized Controlled Trial: Seizure First Aid Training for People with Epilepsy Who Visit Emergency Departments

Noble, Adam J ORCID: 0000-0002-8070-4352, Snape, Darlene, Ridsdale, Leone, Morgan, Myfanwy, Nevitt, Sarah J ORCID: 0000-0001-9988-2709, Goodacre, Steve and Marson, Anthony ORCID: 0000-0002-6861-8806
(2019) Assessing Treatment Fidelity within an Epilepsy Randomized Controlled Trial: Seizure First Aid Training for People with Epilepsy Who Visit Emergency Departments. BEHAVIOURAL NEUROLOGY, 2019. 5048794-.

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<h4>Purpose</h4>To measure fidelity with which a group seizure first aid training intervention was delivered within a pilot randomized controlled trial underway in the UK for adults with epilepsy who visit emergency departments (ED) and informal carers. Estimates of its effects, including on ED use, will be produced by the trial. Whilst hardly ever reported for trials of epilepsy interventions-only one publication on this topic exists-this study provides the information on treatment fidelity necessary to allow the trial's estimates to be accurately interpreted. This rare worked example of how fidelity can be assessed could also provide guidance sought by neurology trialists on how to assess fidelity.<h4>Methods</h4>53 patients who had visited ED on ≥2 occasions in prior year were recruited for the trial; 26 were randomized to the intervention. 7 intervention courses were delivered for them by one facilitator. Using audio recordings, treatment "adherence" and "competence" were assessed. Adherence was assessed by a checklist of the items comprising the intervention. Using computer software, competence was measured by calculating facilitator speech during the intervention (didacticism). Interrater reliability was evaluated by two independent raters assessing each course using the measures and their ratings being compared.<h4>Results</h4>The fidelity measures were found to be reliable. For the adherence instrument, raters agreed 96% of the time, PABAK-OS kappa 0.91. For didacticism, raters' scores had an intraclass coefficient of 0.96. In terms of treatment fidelity, not only were courses found to have been delivered with excellent adherence (88% of its items were fully delivered) but also as intended they were highly interactive, with the facilitator speaking for, on average, 55% of course time.<h4>Conclusions</h4>The fidelity measures used were reliable and showed that the intervention was delivered as attended. Therefore, any estimates of intervention effect will not be influenced by poor implementation fidelity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Epilepsy, Seizures, Treatment Outcome, First Aid, Reproducibility of Results, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Middle Aged, Emergency Service, Hospital, Female, Male, Young Adult
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2019 10:22
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 01:07
DOI: 10.1155/2019/5048794
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