First observation of forward $Z \rightarrow b \bar{b}$ production in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV

collaboration, LHCb, Aaij, R, Adeva, B, Adinolfi, M, Ajaltouni, Z, Akar, S, Albrecht, J, Alessio, F, Alexander, M, Albero, A Alfonso
et al (show 799 more authors) (2017) First observation of forward $Z \rightarrow b \bar{b}$ production in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV. Phys. Lett. B, 776. 430 - 439.

Access the full-text of this item by clicking on the Open Access link.


The decay $Z \rightarrow b \bar{b}$ is reconstructed in $pp$ collision data, corresponding to 2 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity, collected by the LHCb experiment at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV. The product of the $Z$ production cross-section and the $Z \rightarrow b \bar{b}$ branching fraction is measured for candidates in the fiducial region defined by two particle-level $b$-quark jets with pseudorapidities in the range $2.2 < \eta < 4.2$, with transverse momenta $p_{T}>20$ GeV and dijet invariant mass in the range $45 < m_{jj} < 165$ GeV. From a signal yield of $5462 \pm 763$ $Z \rightarrow b \bar{b}$ events, where the uncertainty is statistical, a production cross-section times branching fraction of $332 \pm 46 \pm 59$ pb is obtained, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. The measured significance of the signal yield is 6.0 standard deviations. This measurement represents the first observation of the $Z \rightarrow b \bar{b}$ production in the forward region of $pp$ collisions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: All figures and tables, along with any supplementary material and additional information, are available at
Uncontrolled Keywords: hep-ex, hep-ex
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2019 14:45
Last Modified: 11 May 2021 11:27
DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2017.11.066
Open Access URL:
Related URLs: