Evaluation of a multi-agent chemotherapy protocol combining dexamethasone, melphalan, actinomycin D, and cytarabine (DMAC) for the treatment of resistant canine non-Hodgkin high-grade lymphomas: a single centre's experience.



Smallwood, Katherine, Tanis, Jean-Benoit, Grant, Iain Andrew, Blackwood, Laura, Killick, David Roper ORCID: 0000-0002-8787-7651, Amores-Fuster, Isabel, Elliott, James, Mas, Aran, Harper, Aaron, Marrington, Mary
et al (show 1 more authors) (2019) Evaluation of a multi-agent chemotherapy protocol combining dexamethasone, melphalan, actinomycin D, and cytarabine (DMAC) for the treatment of resistant canine non-Hodgkin high-grade lymphomas: a single centre's experience. Veterinary and comparative oncology.

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Abstract

The DMAC protocol (dexamethasone, melphalan, actinomycin-D, cytarabine) has been evaluated in American studies for the treatment of relapsed canine lymphoma, comparing similarly to other rescue protocols. The aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy and toxicity of DMAC, in a larger United Kingdom cohort of resistant canine lymphomas. Medical records of dogs with resistant non-Hodgkin high-grade lymphomas that received DMAC as a rescue protocol were reviewed from 2007-2017. Response, time from initiation to discontinuation (TTD), and toxicity (VCOG criteria) were assessed. One hundred dogs were included; 86 received CEOP (modified CHOP including epirubicin) as first-line treatment. Thirty-five dogs (35%) responded: 21 complete responders (CR) and 14 partial responders (PR). Responders had significantly longer TTD (p<0.001) compared to non-responders: 62 days (range 28-952) for CR versus 32 days (range 20-70) for PR. Six CR received more than six cycles of DMAC (range 7-36 cycles) and experienced a longer TTD (median 508, range 126-952 days). Thrombocytopenia occurred in 45% (24 grade 1-2, 21 grade 3-4) and neutropenia in 36% of cases (29 grade 1-2, 7 grade 3-4). Gastrointestinal toxicity occurred in 42% of dogs (40 grade 1-2, 2 grade 3-4). Due to chemotherapy toxicity, treatment was discontinued in 5, and hospitalisation required in 6 cases. In this study, response to DMAC was lower and of generally shorter duration than previously reported. Toxicity was high, but infrequently led to hospitalisation or discontinuation of treatment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2019 10:06
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2020 10:10
DOI: 10.1111/vco.12457
URI: http://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3032573