Implementation planning for lung cancer screening in China

Cheng, Yue I ORCID: 0000-0003-4338-3788, Davies, Michael PA, Liu, Dan, Li, Weimin and Field, John K
(2019) Implementation planning for lung cancer screening in China. Precision Clinical Medicine, 2 (1). 1 - 32.

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Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in China, with over 690 000 lung cancer deaths estimated in 2018. The mortality has increased about five-fold from the mid-1970s to the 2000s. Lung cancer low-dose computerized tomography (LDCT) screening in smokers was shown to improve survival in the US National Lung Screening Trial, and more recently in the European NELSON trial. However, although the predominant risk factor, smoking contributes to a lower fraction of lung cancers in China than in the UK and USA. Therefore, it is necessary to establish Chinese-specific screening strategies. There have been 23 associated programmes completed or still ongoing in China since the 1980s, mainly after 2000; and one has recently been planned. Generally, their entry criteria are not smoking-stringent. Most of the Chinese programmes have reported preliminary results only, which demonstrated a different high-risk subpopulation of lung cancer in China. Evidence concerning LDCT screening implementation is based on results of randomized controlled trials outside China. LDCT screening programmes combining tobacco control would produce more benefits. Population recruitment (e.g. risk-based selection), screening protocol, nodule management and cost-effectiveness are discussed in detail. In China, the high-risk subpopulation eligible for lung cancer screening has not as yet been confirmed, as all the risk parameters have not as yet been determined. Although evidence on best practice for implementation of lung cancer screening has been accumulating in other countries, further research in China is urgently required, as China is now facing a lung cancer epidemic.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: lung cancer, China, screening, recommendation, low-dose computerized tomography, risk factor, tobacco control, pulmonary nodule management
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2019 10:00
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2019 10:12
DOI: 10.1093/pcmedi/pbz002
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