The clinical significance of antinuclear antibodies and specific autoantibodies in juvenile and adult systemic lupus erythematosus patients.



Rodsaward, Pongsawat, Chottawornsak, Natcha, Suwanchote, Supaporn, Rachayon, Muanpetch, Deekajorndech, Tawatchai, Wright, Helen L, Edwards, Steven W ORCID: 0000-0002-7074-0552, Beresford, Michael W ORCID: 0000-0002-5400-9911, Rerknimitr, Pawinee and Chiewchengchol, Direkrit
(2019) The clinical significance of antinuclear antibodies and specific autoantibodies in juvenile and adult systemic lupus erythematosus patients. Asian Pacific journal of allergy and immunology.

[img] Text
Revised Manuscript APJAI v2.docx - Accepted Version

Download (5MB)

Abstract

<h4>Background</h4>Juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) and adult SLE (ASLE) patients present with different clinical manifestations, but it is unknown if there are differences in their antinuclear autoantibody (ANA) profiles or if staining patterns are associated with specific autoantibodies and clinical manifestations.<h4>Objective</h4>To determine whether distinct types and numbers of ANA-staining patterns are associated with specific autoantibodies and clinical manifestations in JSLE and ASLE patients.<h4>Methods</h4>A retrospective study was performed in Thai children (n = 146) and adults (n = 180) diagnosed with SLE using the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics classification criteria.<h4>Results</h4>JSLE patients with a homogeneous pattern of staining and anti-dsDNA or anti-nucleosome antibodies in serum, developed renal involvement, leukopenia and acute/subacute cutaneous LE. Coarse speckled pattern with anti-RNP or anti-Sm showed thrombocytopenia and renal involvement in JSLE patients, but leukopenia in both groups. JSLE patients with fine-coarse speckled pattern and anti-RNP, anti-Sm, anti-Ro-52 or anti-SSA developed leukopenia, thrombocytopenia and renal involvement, whilst hemolytic anemia and serositis were commonly found in those with anti-Ro-52. Median SLEDAI score was higher in JSLE than ASLE patients.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Detailed ANA-staining patterns with specific autoantibodies show particular clinical manifestations and hence prompt further clinical investigations in both JSLE and ASLE patients. Therefore, this study demonstrates that distinct patterns of ANA staining and specific autoantibodies are clinically important in both children and adults with SLE.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2019 13:02
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2021 09:26
DOI: 10.12932/ap-211218-0465
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3034872