A multicenter point prevalence survey of antibiotic use in Punjab, Pakistan: findings and implications

Saleem, Zikria, Hassali, Mohamed Azmi, Versporten, Ann, Godman, Brian ORCID: 0000-0001-6539-6972, Hashmi, Furqan Khurshid, Goossens, Herman and Saleem, Fahad
(2019) A multicenter point prevalence survey of antibiotic use in Punjab, Pakistan: findings and implications. EXPERT REVIEW OF ANTI-INFECTIVE THERAPY, 17 (4). pp. 285-293.

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<h4>Objectives</h4>In line with the recent global action plan for antimicrobial resistance, this is the first time such a comprehensive antimicrobial point prevalence survey has been undertaken in Pakistan, the sixth most populous country.<h4>Methods</h4>This point prevalence survey (PPS) was conducted in 13 hospitals among 7 different cities of Pakistan. The survey included all inpatients receiving an antibiotic on the day of PPS. A web-based application was used for data entry, validation, and reporting as designed by the University of Antwerp (www.global-pps.com).<h4>Results</h4>Out of 1954 patients, 1516 (77.6%) were treated with antibiotics. The top three most reported indications for antibiotic use were prophylaxis for obstetrics or gynaecological indications (16.5%), gastrointestinal indications (12.6%) and lower respiratory tract infections (12.0%). The top three most commonly prescribed antibiotics were ceftriaxone (35.0%), metronidazole (16.0%) and ciprofloxacin (6.0%). Out of the total indications, 34.2% of antibiotics were prescribed for community-acquired infections (CAI), 5.9% for healthcare-associated infections (HAI), and 57.4% for either surgical or medical prophylaxis. Of the total use for surgical prophylaxis, 97.4% of antibiotics were given for more than one day.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Unnecessary prophylactic antibiotic use is extremely high, and broad-spectrum prescribing is common among hospitals in Pakistan. There is an urgent need to work on the  national action plan of Pakistan on antibiotic resistance to address this.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Point prevalence survey, antimicrobial prescribing, antimicrobial resistance, hospitals, Pakistan
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2019 08:44
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:55
DOI: 10.1080/14787210.2019.1581063
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3035486