Power line communications over time-varying frequency-selective power line channels for smart home applications

Zhu, Wenfei
Power line communications over time-varying frequency-selective power line channels for smart home applications. [Unspecified]

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Many countries in the world are developing the next generation power grid, the smart grid, to combat the ongoing severe environmental problems and achieve e�cient use of the electricity power grid. Smart metering is an enabling technology in the smart grid to address the energy wasting problem. It monitors and optimises the power consumption of consumers' devices and appliances. To ensure proper operation of smart metering, a reliable communication infrastructure plays a crucial role. Power line communication (PLC) is regarded as a promising candidate that will ful�l the requirements of smart grid applications. It is also the only wired technology which has a deployment cost comparable to wireless communication. PLC is most commonly used in the low-voltage (LV) power network which includes indoor power networks and the outdoor LV distribution networks. In this thesis we consider using PLC in the indoor power network to support the communication between the smart meter and a variety of appliances that are connected to the network. Power line communication (PLC) system design in indoor power network is challenging due to a variety of channel impairments, such as time-varying frequency-selective channel and complex impulsive noise scenarios. Among these impairments, the timevarying channel behaviour is an interesting topic that hasn't been thoroughly investigated. Therefore, in this thesis we focus on investigating this behaviour and developing a low-cost but reliable PLC system that is able to support smart metering applications in indoor environments. To aid the study and design of such a system, the characterisation and modelling of indoor power line channel are extensively investigated in this thesis. In addition, a exible simulation tool that is able to generate random time-varying indoor power line channel realisations is demonstrated. Orthogonal frequency division modulation (OFDM) is commonly used in existing PLC standards. However, when it is adopted for time-varying power line channels, it may experience signi�cant intercarrier interference (ICI) due to the Doppler spreading caused by channel time variation. Our investigation on the performance of an ordinary OFDM system over time-varying power line channel reveals that if ICI is not properly compensated, the system may su�er from severe performance loss. We also investigate the performance of some linear equalisers including zero forcing (ZF), minimum mean squared error (MMSE) and banded equalisers. Among them, banded equalisers provide the best tradeo� between complexity and performance. For a better tradeo� between complexity and performance, time-domain receiver windowing is usually applied together with banded equalisers. This subject has been well investigated for wireless communication, but not for PLC. In this thesis, we investigate the performance of some well-known receiver window design criteria that was developed for wireless communication for time-varying power line channels. It is found that these criteria do not work well over time-varying power line channels. Therefore, to �ll this gap, we propose an alternative window design criterion in this thesis. Simulations have shown that our proposal outperforms the other criteria.

Item Type: Unspecified
Additional Information: Date: 2014-07 (completed)
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2020 15:25
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2020 15:25
URI: http://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3036382

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