Cross-boundary human impacts compromise the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem

Veldhuis, Michiel P, Ritchie, Mark E, Ogutu, Joseph O, Morrison, Thomas A, Beale, Colin M, Estes, Anna B, Mwakilema, William, Ojwang, Gordon O, Parr, Catherine L ORCID: 0000-0003-1627-763X, Probert, James ORCID: 0000-0001-5998-5367
et al (show 3 more authors) (2019) Cross-boundary human impacts compromise the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem. SCIENCE, 363 (6434). pp. 1424-1428.

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Protected areas provide major benefits for humans in the form of ecosystem services, but landscape degradation by human activity at their edges may compromise their ecological functioning. Using multiple lines of evidence from 40 years of research in the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem, we find that such edge degradation has effectively “squeezed” wildlife into the core protected area and has altered the ecosystem’s dynamics even within this 40,000-square-kilometer ecosystem. This spatial cascade reduced resilience in the core and was mediated by the movement of grazers, which reduced grass fuel and fires, weakened the capacity of soils to sequester nutrients and carbon, and decreased the responsiveness of primary production to rainfall. Similar effects in other protected ecosystems worldwide may require rethinking of natural resource management outside protected areas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals, Ruminants, Equidae, Humans, Conservation of Natural Resources, Biodiversity, Human Activities, Kenya, Tanzania, Herbivory
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2019 07:56
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:53
DOI: 10.1126/science.aav0564
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