Weather-based forecasting of mosquito-borne disease outbreaks in Canada.

Ogden, NH, Lindsay, LR, Ludwig, A, Morse, AP ORCID: 0000-0002-0413-2065, Zheng, H and Zhu, H
(2019) Weather-based forecasting of mosquito-borne disease outbreaks in Canada. Canada communicable disease report = Releve des maladies transmissibles au Canada, 45 (5). pp. 127-132.

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Early warning systems to predict infectious disease outbreaks have been identified as a key adaptive response to climate change. Warming, climate variability and extreme weather events associated with climate change are expected to drive an increase in frequency and intensity of mosquito-borne disease (MBD) outbreaks globally. In Canada, this will mean an increased risk of endemic and emerging MBD outbreaks such as West Nile virus and other MBDs. The availability of timely information on the risk of impending MBD outbreaks has important public health implications, by allowing implementation of mosquito control measures and targeted communications regarding the need for increased personal protective measures-before an outbreak occurs. In Canada, both mechanistic and statistical weather-based models have been developed to predict West Nile virus outbreaks. These include models for different species of mosquitoes that transmit West Nile virus in different geographical areas of Canada. Although initial results have been promising, further validation and assessment of forecasting skill are needed before wide scale implementation. Weather-based forecasting for other emerging MBDs in Canada, such as Eastern equine encephalitis, may also be feasible.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: : mosquito-borne diseases, Canada, Eastern equine encephalitis, West Nile virus, climate change, weather-based forecasting
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 07 May 2019 07:24
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:51
DOI: 10.14745/ccdr.v45i05a03
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