Association of bullying experiences with depressive symptoms and psychosocial functioning among school going children and adolescents.



Naveed, Sadiq, Waqas, Ahmed, Aedma, Kapil Kiran, Afzaal, Tayyaba and Majeed, Muhammad Hassan ORCID: 0000-0001-6123-8299
(2019) Association of bullying experiences with depressive symptoms and psychosocial functioning among school going children and adolescents. BMC research notes, 12 (1). 198 - ?.

[img] Text
s13104-019-4236-x.pdf - Published Version

Download (586kB) | Preview

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:We examined the association of bullying experiences with depressive symptoms and psychosocial functioning among children and adolescents in rural Pakistan. A total of 452 school-going children in Nawabshah, Pakistan were conveniently interviewed to assess rates of bullying experiences and severity of depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire for Adolescents. RESULTS:Experience of victimization was reported by 130 (28.8%) and perpetration by (146, 32.3%). A total of 162 (35.80%) reported mild depressive symptoms, 88 (19.50%) moderate, 33 (7.30%) moderately severe and 19 (4.20%) severe depressive symptoms. Age was not associated with patterns of bullying other than pure bully perpetration (.12, P = .024). Both victims and perpetrators of bullying experienced adverse emotional and social consequences. Bully-perpetrators exhibited the greater severity of depressive symptoms due to distress in psychosocial functioning.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Severity of Illness Index, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depression, Stress, Psychological, Depressive Disorder, Schools, Adolescent, Child, Crime Victims, Pakistan, Female, Male, Bullying
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 13 May 2019 09:22
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2020 08:13
DOI: 10.1186/s13104-019-4236-x
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4236-x
URI: http://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3041009