Association of bullying experiences with depressive symptoms and psychosocial functioning among school going children and adolescents.



Naveed, Sadiq ORCID: 0000-0002-6084-7081, Waqas, Ahmed, Aedma, Kapil Kiran ORCID: 0000-0002-0272-3021, Afzaal, Tayyaba and Majeed, Muhammad Hassan ORCID: 0000-0001-6123-8299
(2019) Association of bullying experiences with depressive symptoms and psychosocial functioning among school going children and adolescents. BMC research notes, 12 (1). 198 - ?.

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Abstract

<h4>Objectives</h4>We examined the association of bullying experiences with depressive symptoms and psychosocial functioning among children and adolescents in rural Pakistan. A total of 452 school-going children in Nawabshah, Pakistan were conveniently interviewed to assess rates of bullying experiences and severity of depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire for Adolescents.<h4>Results</h4>Experience of victimization was reported by 130 (28.8%) and perpetration by (146, 32.3%). A total of 162 (35.80%) reported mild depressive symptoms, 88 (19.50%) moderate, 33 (7.30%) moderately severe and 19 (4.20%) severe depressive symptoms. Age was not associated with patterns of bullying other than pure bully perpetration (.12, P = .024). Both victims and perpetrators of bullying experienced adverse emotional and social consequences. Bully-perpetrators exhibited the greater severity of depressive symptoms due to distress in psychosocial functioning.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Severity of Illness Index, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depression, Stress, Psychological, Depressive Disorder, Schools, Adolescent, Child, Crime Victims, Pakistan, Female, Male, Bullying
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 13 May 2019 09:22
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2022 23:03
DOI: 10.1186/s13104-019-4236-x
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4236-x
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3041009