Length of hospitalization and mortality for bleeding during treatment with warfarin, dabigatran, or rivaroxaban.



Charlton, Blake ORCID: 0000-0003-3461-1814, Adeboyeje, Gboyega ORCID: 0000-0002-1088-751X, Barron, John J, Grady, Deborah, Shin, Jaekyu and Redberg, Rita F
(2018) Length of hospitalization and mortality for bleeding during treatment with warfarin, dabigatran, or rivaroxaban. PloS one, 13 (3). e0193912 - ?.

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Abstract

Different outcomes among patients hospitalized for bleeding after starting anticoagulation could influence choice of anticoagulant. We compared length of hospitalization, proportion of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admissions, ICU length of stay, and 30- and 90-day mortality for adults with atrial fibrillation hospitalized for bleeding after starting warfarin, dabigatran, or rivaroxaban.An US commercial database of 38 million members from 1 November 2010 to 31 March 2014 was used to examine adults with atrial fibrillation hospitalized for bleeding after starting warfarin (2,446), dabigatran (442), or rivaroxaban (256). Outcomes included difference in mean total length of hospitalization, proportion of ICU admissions, mean length of ICU stay, and all-cause 30- and 90-day mortality.Warfarin users were older and had more comorbidities. Multivariable regression modeling with propensity score weighting showed warfarin users were hospitalized 2.0 days longer (95% CI 1.8-2.3; p < 0.001) than dabigatran users and 2.6 days longer (95% CI 2.4-2.9; p < 0.001) than rivaroxaban users. Dabigatran users were hospitalized 0.6 days longer (95% CI 0.2-1.0; p = 0.001) than rivaroxaban users. There were no differences in the proportion of ICU admissions. Among ICU admissions, warfarin users stayed 3.0 days (95% CI 1.9-3.9; p < 0.001) longer than dabigatran users and 2.4 days longer (95% CI 0.9-3.7; p = 0.003) than rivaroxaban users. There was no difference in ICU stay between dabigatran and rivaroxaban users. There were no differences in 30- and 90-day all-cause mortality.Rivaroxaban and dabigatran were associated with shorter hospitalizations; however, there were no differences in 30- and 90-day mortality. These findings suggest bleeding associated with the newer agents is not more dangerous than bleeding associated with warfarin.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Atrial Fibrillation, Hemorrhage, Warfarin, Anticoagulants, Hospitalization, Length of Stay, Retrospective Studies, Blood Coagulation, Aged, Intensive Care Units, Female, Male, Propensity Score, Rivaroxaban, Dabigatran
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 28 May 2019 09:41
Last Modified: 08 May 2020 20:53
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193912
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193912
URI: http://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3043297