Exosomal transport of hepatocyte-derived drug-modified proteins to the immune system.



Ogese, Monday O, Jenkins, Rosalind E ORCID: 0000-0002-3730-1136, Adair, Kareena, Tailor, Arun, Meng, Xiaoli ORCID: 0000-0002-7774-2075, Faulkner, Lee L, Enyindah, Bright O, Schofield, Amy, Diaz-Nieto, R, Ressel, Lorenzo ORCID: 0000-0002-6614-1223
et al (show 6 more authors) (2019) Exosomal transport of hepatocyte-derived drug-modified proteins to the immune system. Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.).

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Abstract

Idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a rare, often difficult to predict adverse reaction with complex pathomechanisms. However, it is now evident that certain forms of DILI are immune-mediated and may involve the activation of drug-specific T-cells. Exosomes are cell-derived vesicles that carry RNA, lipids and protein cargo from their cell of origin to distant cells, and may play a role in immune activation. Herein, primary human hepatocytes were treated with drugs associated with a high incidence of DILI (flucloxacillin, amoxicillin, isoniazid and nitroso-sulfamethoxazole) to characterize the proteins packaged within exosomes that are subsequently transported to dendritic cells for processing. Exosomes measured between 50-100 nm and expressed enriched CD63. LC-MS/MS identified 2109 proteins, with 608 proteins being quantified across all exosome samples. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD010760. Analysis of gene ontologies revealed that exosomes mirrored whole human liver tissue in terms of the families of proteins present, regardless of drug treatment. However, exosomes from nitroso-sulfamethoxazole-treated hepatocytes selectively packaged a specific subset of proteins. LC-MS also revealed the presence of hepatocyte-derived exosomal proteins covalently modified with amoxicillin, flucloxacillin and nitroso-sulfamethoxazole. Uptake of exosomes by monocyte-derived dendritic cells occurred silently, mainly via phagocytosis, and was inhibited by latrunculin A. An, amoxicillin-modified 9-mer peptide derived from the exosomal transcription factor protein SOX30 activated naïve T-cells from HLA-A*02:01 positive human donors. Conclusion. This study shows that exosomes have the potential to transmit drug-specific hepatocyte-derived signals to the immune system and provides a pathway for the induction of drug hapten-specific T-cell responses. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2019 10:33
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2019 14:13
DOI: 10.1002/hep.30701
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/hep.30701
URI: http://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3046544
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