Isomerization of Cyclohexane over Bifunctional Pt-, Au-, and PtAu-Heteropoly Acid Catalysts



Alazman, A, Belic, D, Alotaibi, A, Kozhevnikova, EF and Kozhevnikov, IV ORCID: 0000-0003-2453-5256
(2019) Isomerization of Cyclohexane over Bifunctional Pt-, Au-, and PtAu-Heteropoly Acid Catalysts. ACS Catalysis, 9 (6). 5063 - 5073.

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Abstract

© 2019 American Chemical Society. Isomerization of cyclohexane was investigated in the presence of monofunctional acid and bifunctional metal-acid catalysts based on Keggin-type heteropoly acid H3PW12O40 and Pt and Au as the metal components using a differential fixed-bed microreactor at 180-300 °C, ambient pressure and a C6H12/H2 partial pressure ratio of 0.04-0.14. Particular emphasis was placed on the acidic Cs salt, Cs2.5H0.5PW12O40 (CsPW) as the acid catalyst and Pt/CsPW, Au/CsPW, and PtAu/CsPW as the bifunctional catalysts. Pt/CsPW and Au/CsPW were more efficient than the monofunctional acid catalyst CsPW, and Pt/CsPW was more active than Au/CsPW with both giving >99% selectivity to methylcyclopentane. It was found with Pt/CsPW that the cyclohexane dehydrogenation step equilibrated at a molar ratio of Pt and H+ surface sites Pt/H+ ≥ 0.7, which is much higher than for Pt/zeolite. PtAu/CsPW bimetallic catalyst exhibited a 2-fold higher activity in cyclohexane isomerization and a 3.5-fold higher activity in the accompanying dehydrogenation of cyclohexane to benzene than the mixture of Pt/CsPW and Au/CsPW with the same metal loading. The enhancing effect of gold is assigned to PtAu bimetallic particles, which had a higher Pt dispersion than the Pt in Pt/CsPW. Scanning transmission electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (STEM-EDX) revealed bimetallic PtAu particles in PtAu/CsPW with a wide range of Pt/Au atomic ratios. No enhancing effect of gold was found in the case of carbon-supported catalyst PtAu/C physically mixed with CsPW, and the STEM-EDX analysis revealed no modification of Pt sites by Au in this catalyst.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2019 10:37
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2019 16:11
DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.9b00592
URI: http://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3047357
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