Effects of one valence proton on seniority and angular momentum of neutrons in neutron-rich(51)( 122-)(131)Sb isotopes

Biswas, S, Lemasson, A, Rejmund, M, Navin, A, Kim, YH, Michelagnoli, C, Stefan, I, Banik, R, Bednarczyk, P, Bhattacharya, S
et al (show 51 more authors) (2019) Effects of one valence proton on seniority and angular momentum of neutrons in neutron-rich(51)( 122-)(131)Sb isotopes. PHYSICAL REVIEW C, 99 (6).

Access the full-text of this item by clicking on the Open Access link.


Background: Levels fulfilling the seniority scheme and relevant isomers are commonly observed features in semimagic nuclei; for example, in Sn isotopes (Z=50). Seniority isomers in Sn, with dominantly pure neutron configurations, directly probe the underlying neutron-neutron (νν) interaction. Furthermore, an addition of a valence proton particle or hole, through neutron-proton (νπ) interaction, affects the neutron seniority as well as the angular momentum. Purpose: Benchmark the reproducibility of the experimental observables, like the excitation energies (EX) and the reduced electric-quadrupole transition probabilities [B(E2)], with the results obtained from shell-model interactions for neutron-rich Sn and Sb isotopes with N<82. Study the sensitivity of the aforementioned experimental observables to the model interaction components. Furthermore, explore from a microscopic point of view the structural similarity between the isomers in Sn and Sb, and thus the importance of the valence proton. Methods: The neutron-rich Sb122-131 isotopes were produced as fission fragments in the reaction Be9(U238, f) with 6.2 MeV/u beam energy. A unique setup, consisting of AGATA, VAMOS++, and EXOGAM detectors, was used which enabled the prompt-delayed γ-ray spectroscopy of fission fragments in the time range of 100 ns to 200μs. Results: New isomers and prompt and delayed transitions were established in the even-A Sb122-130 isotopes. In the odd-A Sb123-131 isotopes, new prompt and delayed γ-ray transitions were identified, in addition to the confirmation of the previously known isomers. The half-lives of the isomeric states and the B(E2) transition probabilities of the observed transitions depopulating these isomers were extracted. Conclusions: The experimental data was compared with the theoretical results obtained in the framework of large-scale shell-model (LSSM) calculations in a restricted model space. Modifications of several components of the shell-model interaction were introduced to obtain a consistent agreement with the excitation energies and the B(E2) transition probabilities in neutron-rich Sn and Sb isotopes. The isomeric configurations in Sn and Sb were found to be relatively pure. Furthermore, the calculations revealed that the presence of a single valence proton, mainly in the g7/2 orbital in Sb isotopes, leads to significant mixing (due to the νπ interaction) of (i) the neutron seniorities (υν) and (ii) the neutron angular momentum (Iν). The above features have a weak impact on the excitation energies, but have an important impact on the B(E2) transition probabilities. In addition, a constancy of the relative excitation energies irrespective of neutron seniority and neutron number in Sn and Sb was observed.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2019 09:16
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:38
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.99.064302
Open Access URL: https://journals.aps.org/prc/pdf/10.1103/PhysRevC....
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3048443