From bi-polar to regional distribution of modern dinoflagellate cysts, an overview of their biogeography



Marret-Davies, FLE ORCID: 0000-0003-4244-0437, Bradley, Lee, de Vernal, Anne, Hardy, William, Kim, So-Young, Mudie, Peta, Penaud, Aurélie, Pospelova, Vera, Price, Andrea, Radi, Taoufik
et al (show 1 more authors) (2019) From bi-polar to regional distribution of modern dinoflagellate cysts, an overview of their biogeography. Marine Micropaleontology.

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Abstract

This paper examines the distribution of 91 modern dinoflagellate cyst taxa from 3636 locations across the world's oceans. Patterns of distributions among the taxa included bi-polarity, cosmopolitan, northern versus southern hemispheres, and geographically restricted. Of the 91 taxa, three dominate these 3636 assemblages at the global scale, Brigantedinium species, Operculodinium centrocarpum sensu Wall and Dale 1966 and some species of Spiniferites. Whereas Brigantedinium is a true cosmopolitan taxon, with high abundances in each ocean, Operculodinium centrocarpum sensu Wall and Dale 1966 shows high abundances in polar to temperate regions in the Northern Hemisphere, and in tropical to sub-tropical waters in the Southern Hemisphere. Spiniferites species show highest occurrences in the Southern Hemisphere. This study also highlights three true bi-polar species, Impagidinium pallidum, Islandinium minutum and cyst of Polarella glacialis. Only a few taxa are strictly endemic, either being relics of ancient seas such as the Paratethys (Spiniferites cruciformis) or linked to specific environmental conditions. However, recent studies have shown recent worldwide dispersal of these endemic species possibly due to human activities. Overall, this compilation has highlighted the progress made since the early 1970s on our understanding of these important tracers of environmental conditions but also gaps in our knowledge of their distribution in pelagic regions of the Pacific and Indian Oceans as well as under Arctic sea ice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dinoflagellate cyst, Modern distribution, Global, Bi-polar, Endemism
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2019 13:59
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2022 07:14
DOI: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2019.101753
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3050225