Transition-Metal-Free Hydrogen Autotransfer: Diastereoselective N-Alkylation of Amines with Racemic Alcohols.



Xiao, Miao, Yue, Xin, Xu, Ruirui, Tang, Weijun, Xue, Dong, Li, Chaoqun, Lei, Ming, Xiao, Jianliang ORCID: 0000-0003-2010-247X and Wang, Chao
(2019) Transition-Metal-Free Hydrogen Autotransfer: Diastereoselective N-Alkylation of Amines with Racemic Alcohols. Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 58 (31). 10528 - 10536.

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Abstract

A practical method for the synthesis of α-chiral amines by alkylation of amines with alcohols in the absence of any transition-metal catalysts has been developed. Under the co-catalysis of a ketone and NaOH, racemic secondary alcohols reacted with Ellman's chiral tert-butanesulfinamide by a hydrogen autotransfer process to afford chiral amines with high diastereoselectivities (up to >99:1). Broad substrate scope and up to a 10 gram scale production of chiral amines were demonstrated. The method was applied to the synthesis of chiral deuterium-labelled amines with high deuterium incorporation and optical purity, including examples of chiral deuterated drugs. The configuration of amine products is found to be determined solely by the configuration of the chiral tert-butanesulfinamide regardless of that of alcohols, and this is corroborated by DFT calculations. Further mechanistic studies showed that the reaction is initiated by the ketone catalyst and involves a transition state similar to that proposed for the Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley (MPV) reduction, and importantly, it is the interaction of the sodium cation of the base with both the nitrogen and oxygen atoms of the sulfinamide moiety that makes feasible, and determines the diastereoselectivity of, the reaction.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2019 10:12
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2021 17:11
DOI: 10.1002/anie.201905870
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3050921