Experimental Analysis of a Novel Cooling Material for Large Format Automotive Lithium-Ion Cells

Worwood, D, Marco, J, Kellner, Q, Hosseinzadeh, E, McGlen, R, Mullen, D, Lynn, K and Greenwood, D
(2019) Experimental Analysis of a Novel Cooling Material for Large Format Automotive Lithium-Ion Cells. Energies, 12 (7).

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© 2019 MDPI AG. All rights reserved. Cooling the surface of large format batteries with solid conductive plates, or fins, has an inherent advantage of reducing the number of liquid seals relative to some mini-channel cold plate designs, as liquid is not passed through the numerous individual plates directly. This may reduce the overall pack leakage risk which is of utmost importance due to safety concerns associated with the possibility of a cell short circuit and thermal runaway event. However, fin cooling comes at a cost of an increased thermal resistance which can lead to higher cell temperatures and a poorer temperature uniformity under aggressive heat generation conditions. In this paper, a novel graphite-based fin material with an in-plane thermal conductivity 5 times greater than aluminium with the same weight is presented for advanced battery cooling. The thermal performance of the fin is benchmarked against conventional copper and aluminium fins in an experimental programme cycling real 53 Ah pouch cells. The results from the extensive experimental testing indicate that the new fin can reduce both the peak measured temperature and surface temperature gradient by up to 8 °C and 5 °C respectively, when compared to aluminium fins under an aggressive electric vehicle duty-cycle.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2019 09:24
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2021 23:11
DOI: 10.3390/en12071251
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/en12071251
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3051102