Telemonitoring in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (CHROMED). A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Walker, Paul P ORCID: 0000-0002-5449-9551, Pompilio, Pasquale P, Zanaboni, Paolo, Bergmo, Trine S, Prikk, Kaiu, Malinovschi, Andrei, Montserrat, Josep M, Middlemass, Jo, Šonc, Silvana, Munaro, Giulia
et al (show 8 more authors) (2018) Telemonitoring in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (CHROMED). A Randomized Clinical Trial. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 198 (5). pp. 620-628.

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Early detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations using telemonitoring of physiological variables might reduce the frequency of hospitalization.To evaluate the efficacy of home monitoring of lung mechanics by the forced oscillation technique and cardiac parameters in older patients with COPD and comorbidities.This multicenter, randomized clinical trial recruited 312 patients with Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease grades II to IV COPD (median age, 71 yr [interquartile range, 66-76 yr]; 49.6% grade II, 50.4% grades III-IV), with a history of exacerbation in the previous year and at least one nonpulmonary comorbidity. Patients were randomized to usual care (n = 158) or telemonitoring (n = 154) and followed for 9 months. All telemonitoring patients self-assessed lung mechanics daily, and in a subgroup with congestive heart failure (n = 37) cardiac parameters were also monitored. An algorithm identified deterioration, triggering a telephone contact to determine appropriate interventions.Primary outcomes were time to first hospitalization (TTFH) and change in the EuroQoL EQ-5D utility index score. Secondary outcomes included: rate of antibiotic/corticosteroid prescription; hospitalization; the COPD Assessment Tool, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and Minnesota Living with Heart Failure questionnaire scores; quality-adjusted life years; and healthcare costs. Telemonitoring did not affect TTFH, EQ-5D utility index score, antibiotic prescriptions, hospitalization rate, or questionnaire scores. In an exploratory analysis, telemedicine was associated with fewer repeat hospitalizations (-54%; P = 0.017).In older patients with COPD and comorbidities, remote monitoring of lung function by forced oscillation technique and cardiac parameters did not change TTFH and EQ-5D. Clinical trial registered with (NCT 01960907).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: forced oscillation technique (FOT), COPD exacerbation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, home monitoring
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2019 09:11
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2024 07:13
DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201712-2404oc
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