Central Metabolism Is Tuned to the Availability of Oxygen in Developing Melon Fruit

Mori, Kentaro, Beauvoit, Bertrand P, Biais, Benoit, Chabane, Maxime, Allwood, J William, Deborde, Catherine, Maucourt, Mickael, Goodacre, Royston ORCID: 0000-0003-2230-645X, Cabasson, Cecile, Moing, Annick
et al (show 2 more authors) (2019) Central Metabolism Is Tuned to the Availability of Oxygen in Developing Melon Fruit. FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE, 10. 594-.

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Respiration of bulky plant organs such as fleshy fruits depends on oxygen (O<sub>2</sub>) availability and often decreases with O<sub>2</sub> concentration to avoid anoxia, but the relationship between O<sub>2</sub> diffusional resistance and metabolic adjustments remains unclear. Melon fruit (<i>Cucumis melo</i> L.) was used to study relationships between O<sub>2</sub> availability and metabolism in fleshy fruits. Enzyme activities, primary metabolites and O<sub>2</sub> partial pressure were quantified from the periphery to the inner fruit mesocarp, at three stages of development. Hypoxia was gradually established during fruit development, but there was no strong oxygen gradient between the outer- and the inner mesocarp. These trends were confirmed by a mathematical modeling approach combining O<sub>2</sub> diffusion equations and O<sub>2</sub> demand estimates of the mesocarp tissue. A multivariate analysis of metabolites, enzyme activities, O<sub>2</sub> demand and concentration reveals that metabolite gradients and enzyme capacities observed in melon fruits reflect continuous metabolic adjustments thus ensuring a timely maturation of the mesocarp. The present results suggest that the metabolic adjustments, especially the tuning of the capacity of cytochrome c oxidase (COX) to O<sub>2</sub>-availability that occurs during growth development, contribute to optimizing the O<sub>2</sub>-demand and avoiding the establishment of an O<sub>2</sub> gradient within the flesh.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: fruit, Cucumis melo, hypoxia, metabolism, modeling, cytochrome c oxidase
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2019 15:15
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2023 04:23
DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2019.00594
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00594
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3051651