Landscape-Scale Variability of Organic Carbon Burial by SW Greenland Lakes

Anderson, NJ, Appleby, PG ORCID: 0000-0002-6945-1841, Bindler, R, Renberg, I, Conley, DJ, Fritz, SC, Jones, VJ, Whiteford, EJ and Yang, H
(2019) Landscape-Scale Variability of Organic Carbon Burial by SW Greenland Lakes. Ecosystems, 22. 1706 - 1720.

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Lakes are a key feature of arctic landscapes and can be an important component of regional organic carbon (OC) budgets, but C burial rates are not well estimated. 210 Pb-dated sediment cores and carbon and organic matter (as loss-on-ignition) content were used to estimate OC burial for 16 lakes in SW Greenland. Burial rates were corrected for sediment focusing using the 210 Pb flux method. The study lakes span a range of water chemistries (conductivity range 25–3400 µS cm −1 ), areas (< 4–100 ha) and maximum depths (~ 10–50 m). The regional average focusing-corrected OC accumulation rate was ~ 2 g C m −2  y −1 prior to ~ 1950 and 3.6 g C m −2  y −1 after 1950. Among-lake variability in post-1950 OC AR was correlated with in-lake dissolved organic carbon concentration, conductivity, altitude and location along the fjord. Twelve lakes showed an increase in mean OC AR over the analyzed time period, ~ 1880–2000; as the study area was cooling until recently, this increase is probably attributable to other global change processes, for example, altered inputs of N or P. There are ~ 20,000 lakes in the study area ranging from ~ 1 ha to more than 130 km 2 , although over 83% of lakes are less than 10 ha. Extrapolating the mean post-1950 OC AR (3.6 g C m −2  y −1 ) to all lakes larger than 1000 ha and applying a lower rate of ~ 2 g C m −2  y −1 to large lakes (> 1000 ha) suggests a regional annual lake OC burial rate of ~ 10.14 × 10 9  g C y −1 post 1950. Given the low C content of soils in this area, lakes represent a substantial regional C store.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nitrogen, Arctic, Diatoms, Tundra, Biogenic silica, DOC, Soil carbon
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2019 09:15
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2022 08:12
DOI: 10.1007/s10021-019-00368-8
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