Poly-ε-lysine based hydrogels as synthetic substrates for the expansion of corneal endothelial cells for transplantation



Kennedy, Stephnie, Lace, Rebecca ORCID: 0000-0001-9410-9506, Carserides, Constandinos, Gallagher, Andrew G ORCID: 0000-0003-2448-4145, Wellings, Donald A, Williams, Rachel L ORCID: 0000-0002-1954-0256 and Levis, Hannah J ORCID: 0000-0002-3923-1178
(2019) Poly-ε-lysine based hydrogels as synthetic substrates for the expansion of corneal endothelial cells for transplantation. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN MEDICINE, 30 (9). 102-.

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Abstract

Dysfunction of the corneal endothelium (CE) resulting from progressive cell loss leads to corneal oedema and significant visual impairment. Current treatments rely upon donor allogeneic tissue to replace the damaged CE. A donor cornea shortage necessitates the development of biomaterials, enabling in vitro expansion of corneal endothelial cells (CECs). This study investigated the use of a synthetic peptide hydrogel using poly-ε-lysine (pεK), cross-linked with octanedioic-acid as a potential substrate for CECs expansion and CE grafts. PεK hydrogel properties were optimised to produce a substrate which was thin, transparent, porous and robust. A human corneal endothelial cell line (HCEC-12) attached and grew on pεK hydrogels as confluent monolayers after 7 days, whereas primary porcine CECs (pCECs) detached from the pεK hydrogel. Pre-adsorption of collagen I, collagen IV and fibronectin to the pεK hydrogel increased pCEC adhesion at 24 h and confluent monolayers formed at 7 days. Minimal cell adhesion was observed with pre-adsorbed laminin, chondroitin sulphate or commercial FNC coating mix (fibronectin, collagen and albumin). Functionalisation of the pεK hydrogel with synthetic cell binding peptide H-Gly-Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Gly-Gly-OH (RGD) or α2β1 integrin recognition sequence H-Asp-Gly-Glu-Ala-OH (DGEA) resulted in enhanced pCEC adhesion with the RGD peptide only. pCECs grown in culture at 5 weeks on RGD pεK hydrogels showed zonula occludins 1 staining for tight junctions and expression of sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphase, suggesting a functional CE. These results demonstrate the pεK hydrogel can be tailored through covalent binding of RGD to provide a surface for CEC attachment and growth. Thus, providing a synthetic substrate with a therapeutic application for the expansion of allogenic CECs and replacement of damaged CE.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Endothelium, Corneal, Cells, Cultured, Endothelial Cells, Animals, Swine, Humans, Polylysine, Hydrogels, Corneal Transplantation, Guided Tissue Regeneration, Materials Testing, Cell Adhesion, Cell Proliferation, Tissue Scaffolds
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2019 09:11
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2023 09:17
DOI: 10.1007/s10856-019-6303-1
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3052202