The extent and nature of television food advertising to children and adolescents in the Russian Federation



Kontsevaya, AV, Imaeva, AE, Balanova, Yu A, Kapustina, AV, Breda, J, Jewell, J, Drapkina, OM, Salakhov, ER and Boyland, E ORCID: 0000-0001-8384-4994
(2020) The extent and nature of television food advertising to children and adolescents in the Russian Federation. Public Health Nutrition.

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Abstract

Objective: To assess the frequency, healthfulness and promotional techniques of television food advertising to children and adolescents in the Russian Federation. Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted to monitor food and beverage television advertising. For the five most popular TV channels among children and adolescents, TV broadcasts were recorded for two weekdays and two weekends (320 h) during March–May 2017. Recordings were screened for advertisements. Food advertisements were categorised by food categories and as either ‘permitted’ or ‘not permitted’ for advertising to children in accordance with World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe Nutrient Profile Model (NPM), and promotional techniques in advertisements were recorded. Results: Overall, 11 678 advertisements were coded. Across all channels, food and drink (19·2 %) were the most frequently advertised product type. The most common food categories advertised were beverages (except juices, milk drinks and energy drinks) (24·1 %); yoghurts and other dairy foods (15 %); and chocolate and confectionery (12·3 %). A majority (64·2 %) of food and drink products advertised should not be permitted for advertising to children according to the NPM. The most frequently used persuasive appeals in the food advertisements were low price (15·4 %), product novelty (11·8 %) and enjoyment (10·0 %). Conclusions: Children and adolescents in the Russian Federation are likely exposed to a substantial number of unhealthy food advertisements. There is a need to consider policies to restrict children’s exposure to unhealthy food advertising on television in the Russian Federation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: food and beverage marketing, advertising, children, adolescnets, television
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 20 May 2020 09:54
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2021 21:10
DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020000191
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980020000191
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3052287