Development of core outcome sets for vision screening and assessment in stroke: a Delphi and consensus study



Rowe, Fiona J ORCID: 0000-0001-9210-9131, Hepworth, LR ORCID: 0000-0001-8542-9815 and Kirkham, Jamie ORCID: 0000-0003-2579-9325
(2019) Development of core outcome sets for vision screening and assessment in stroke: a Delphi and consensus study. BMJ Open, 9 (9).

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Abstract

Objectives Visual impairment following stroke is common with a reported incidence of visual impairment in 60% of stroke survivors. Screening for visual impairment is neither routine nor standardised. This results in a health inequality where some stroke survivors receive comprehensive vision assessment to identify any existent visual problems while others receive no vision assessment leaving them with unmet needs from undiagnosed visual problems. The aim of this study was to define two core outcome sets (COS), one for vision screening and one for full visual assessment of stroke survivors. Design A list of potentially relevant visual assessments was created from a review of the literature. The consensus process consisted of an online 3-round Delphi survey followed by a consensus meeting of the key stakeholders. Participants Stakeholders included orthoptists, occupational therapists, ophthalmologists, stroke survivors and COS users such as researchers, journal editors and guideline developers. Setting University. Outcome measures COS. Results Following the consensus process we recommend the following nine assessments for vision screening: case history, clinical observations of visual signs, visual acuity, eye alignment position, eye movement assessment, visual field assessment, visual neglect assessment, functional vision assessment and reading assessment. We recommend the following 11 assessments for full vision assessment: case history, observations, visual acuity, eye alignment position, eye movement assessment, binocular vision assessment, eye position measurement, visual field assessment, visual neglect assessment, functional vision assessment, reading assessment and quality of life questionnaires. Conclusions COS are defined for vision screening and full vision assessment for stroke survivors. There is potential for their use in reducing heterogeneity in routine clinical practice and for improving standardisation and accuracy of vision assessment. Future research is required to evaluate the use of these COS and for further exploration of core outcome measures. This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to copy, redistribute, remix, transform and build upon this work for any purpose, provided the original work is properly cited, a link to the licence is given, and indication of whether changes were made.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2019 07:40
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2021 02:10
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029578
Open Access URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029578
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3053968