Sensor network based PV power nowcasting with spatio-temporal preselection for grid-friendly control

Chen, X, Du, Y, Lim, E ORCID: 0000-0003-0199-7386, Wen, H and Jiang, L ORCID: 0000-0001-6531-2791
(2019) Sensor network based PV power nowcasting with spatio-temporal preselection for grid-friendly control. Applied Energy, 255. p. 113760.

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© 2019 Elsevier Ltd The increasing penetration of photovoltaics (PV) systems introduces more uncertainties to the power system, and has drawn serious concern for maintaining the grid stability. Consequently, the PV power grid-friendly control (GFC) has been imposed by utilities to provide additional flexibilities for power system operations. Conventional GFC strategies show limitations to estimate real-time maximum available power, especially when fast moving clouds occur. In this regards, the spatio-temporal (ST) PV nowcasting using a sensor network provides a remedy to the above issue. However, current ST nowcasting methods suffer from the problems such as predictor mis-selection, inconsistent nowcasting, and poor model adaptability, which still hinder their practical use for GFC. In this paper, a novel ST PV power nowcasting method with predictor preselection is presented, which can be used for GFC. The proposed method enables a fast and precise predictor preselection in different scenarios, and provides consistent PV nowcasts with cloud information interpolated. The effectiveness of the proposed nowcasting method is evaluated in a real sensor network. The experimental results reveal that the proposed method has strong robustness in case of various weather conditions, with fewer training data used. Compared with the conventional methods, the proposed method shows an average nRMSE and nPMAE improvements over 13.5% and 41.3% respectively in the cloudy days. A practice of integrating the proposed nowcasting method to GFC operation is also demonstrated. The results show that the proposed method is promising to improve the performance of GFC.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: PV nowcasting, Sensor network, Predictor preselection, Grid-friendly control
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2019 10:43
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:26
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113760
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