Individualised prediction of psychosis in individuals meeting at-risk mental state (ARMS) criteria: protocol for a systematic review of clinical prediction models.



Bonnett, Laura J, Varese, Filippo, Smith, Catrin Tudur, Flores, Allan and Yung, Alison R
(2019) Individualised prediction of psychosis in individuals meeting at-risk mental state (ARMS) criteria: protocol for a systematic review of clinical prediction models. Diagnostic and prognostic research, 3. 21 - ?.

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Abstract

Background:Psychotic disorders affect about 3% of the population worldwide and are associated with high personal, social and economic costs. They tend to have their first onset in adolescence. Increasing emphasis has been placed on early intervention to detect illness and minimise disability. In the late 1990s, criteria were developed to identify individuals at high risk for psychotic disorder. These are known as the at-risk mental state (ARMS) criteria. While ARMS individuals have a risk of psychosis much greater than the general population, most individuals meeting the ARMS criteria will not develop psychosis. Despite this, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommends cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for all ARMS people.Clinical prediction models that combine multiple patient characteristics to predict individual outcome risk may facilitate identification of patients who would benefit from CBT and conversely those that would benefit from less costly and less intensive regular mental state monitoring. The study will systematically review the evidence on clinical prediction models aimed at making individualised predictions for the transition to psychosis. Methods:Database searches will be conducted on PsycINFO, Medline, EMBASE and CINAHL. Reference lists and subject experts will be utilised. No language restrictions will be placed on publications, but searches will be restricted to 1994 onwards, the initial year of the first prospective study using ARMS criteria. Studies of any design will be included if they examined, in ARMS patients, whether more than one factor in combination is associated with the risk of transition to psychosis. Study quality will be assessed using the prediction model risk of bias assessment tool (PROBAST). Clinical prediction models will be summarised qualitatively, and if tested in multiple validation studies, their predictive performance will be summarised using a random-effects meta-analysis model. Discussion:The results of the review will identify prediction models for the risk of transition to psychosis. These will be informative for clinicians currently treating ARMS patients and considering potential preventive interventions. The conclusions of the review will also inform the possible update and external validation of prediction models and clinical prediction rules to identify those at high or low risk of transition to psychosis. Trial registration:The review has been registered with PROSPERO (CRD42018108488).

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2019 08:39
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2020 23:10
DOI: 10.1186/s41512-019-0066-5
URI: http://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3055610