Temperature and clone-dependent effects of microplastics on immunity and life history in Daphnia magna



Sadler, Daniel E, Brunner, Franziska S and Plaistow, S ORCID: 0000-0002-9003-6271
(2019) Temperature and clone-dependent effects of microplastics on immunity and life history in Daphnia magna. Environmental Pollution, 255 (1).

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Abstract

Microplastic (MP) pollution is potentially a major threat to many aquatic organisms. Yet we currently know very little about the mechanisms responsible for the effects of small MPs on phenotypes, and the extent to which effects of MPs are modified by genetic and environmental factors. Using a multivariate approach, we studied the effects of 500 nm polystyrene microspheres on the life history and immunity of eight clones of the freshwater cladoceran Daphnia magna reared at two temperatures (18 °C/24 °C). MP exposure altered multivariate phenotypes in half of the clones we studied but had no effect on others. In the clones that were affected, individuals exposed to MPs had smaller offspring at both temperatures, and more offspring at high temperature. Differences in response to MP exposure were unrelated to differences in particle uptake, but were instead linked to an upregulation of haemocytes, particularly at high temperature. The clone-specific, context-dependent nature of our results demonstrates the importance of incorporating genetic variation and environmental context into assessments of the impact of plastic particle exposure. Our results identify immunity as an important mechanism underpinning genetically variable responses to MP pollution and may have major implications for predicting consequences of MP pollution.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Daphnia, Nanoplastics, Thermal stress, Genetic variation, Multivariate phenotype
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2019 08:19
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 15:10
DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113178
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113178
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3055862

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