Effects of regional and local stresses on fault slip tendency in the southern Taranaki Basin, New Zealand



Massiot, C, Seebeck, H, Nicol, A, McNamara, DD ORCID: 0000-0001-9789-2436, Lawrence, MJF, Griffin, AG, Thrasher, GP, O'Brien, G and Viskovic, GPD
(2019) Effects of regional and local stresses on fault slip tendency in the southern Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 107. 467 - 483.

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Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Determining the potential for faults to slip is widely employed for evaluating fault slip potential and associated earthquake hazards, and characterising hydrocarbon seal integrity and reservoir properties. Here we use borehole and 3D seismic reflection data to estimate stress orientations and magnitudes, fault geometries and slip tendency in the southern Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. Late Cenozoic normal faults in the basin range in strike from E-W to NE-SW and are associated with stress changes from basin to borehole scales. The Maui and Maari-Manaia regions, part of the eastern mobile belt, show a strike-slip/normal stress regime (SHmax ≥ Sv > Shmin). The Tui region, part of the western stable platform, shows a normal stress regime (Sv > SHmax > Shmin). Both regions have a mean SHmax azimuth of ENE-WSW. Although the southern Taranaki basin is undergoing active deformation at plate tectonic scales, the stress magnitudes appear insufficiently high to reactivate the faults assuming a classic coefficient of friction. SHmax azimuths and SHmax:Sv magnitude ratios vary locally between boreholes and with depth. A borehole that intersects an inactive seismic-scale fault and borehole-scale faults over a 150-m interval shows SHmax to rotate by up to 30° proximal to the faults, which are favourably orientated for slip in both strike-slip and normal regimes. The small borehole-scale faults may, however, be active within the inactive seismic scale fault's damage zone. We highlight changes of slip tendency along faults resulting from local variations in the stress field and non-planar fault geometries that could not be resolved using only seismic reflection data and regional stress tensor. In the Taranaki Basin additional sub-seismic fault mapping, stress information and mechanical rock property testing are required to realise the potential of stress-based prediction of along-fault permeability and fluid migration.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2019 08:13
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2021 13:10
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2019.05.030
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3056619