Determination of sub-picomolar levels of platinum in the pristine Krka River estuary (Croatia) using improved voltammetric methodology



Padan, J, Marcinek, S, Cindric, A, Layglon, N, Garnier, C, Salaün, P, Cobelo-García, A and Omanovic, D
(2020) Determination of sub-picomolar levels of platinum in the pristine Krka River estuary (Croatia) using improved voltammetric methodology. Environmental Chemistry, 17 (02). 77 - 84.

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Abstract

Extremely low concentrations of platinum in natural waters require very sensitive analytical techniques, with adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry (AdCSV) being one of the most frequently used techniques. A ‘fine tuning’ of the voltammetric parameters, along with advanced data treatment based on derivative transformations, allowed us to determine reliably Pt levels down to 50 fM (0.05 pM). By using short modulation and interval times of the differential pulse stripping waveform, and applying a 4th derivative transformation to the voltammograms, the limit of detection (LOD) was lowered down to 10 fM. Although very small concentrations of surface-active substances (e.g. 0.025 mg L−1 fulvic acid) strongly influenced the method sensitivity, recoveries of spiked samples were not impacted (~100 %). The application of a desorption step (Eds = −1.35 V; tds = 2 s) at the end of the accumulation significantly improved the sensitivity, presumably through the removal of adsorbed surface-active substances. Using this optimised methodology, we determined the Pt distribution in the pristine Krka River estuary in the winter and summer periods by performing both horizontal transects and vertical profiles (salinity ~1 to 39). In surface waters, dissolved Pt concentrations gradually increased towards the seawater end-member (from ~0.15 to ~0.3 pM). A small deviation from the conservative mixing line was observed at salinities below 10, which may reflect changes in Pt redox speciation. In bottom waters, the trend was opposite with dissolved Pt concentrations increasing towards the freshwater end-member, probably owing to progressive accumulation related to seawater residence time. On average, 90 % of Pt was present in the dissolved form.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: catalytic stripping voltammetry, derivative transformation, estuaries, salinity gradient
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2019 15:11
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2022 20:12
DOI: 10.1071/EN19157
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3057018