Improved voltammetric methodology for chromium redox speciation in estuarine waters



Pađan, J, Marcinek, S, Cindrić, A, Layglon, N, Lenoble, V, Salaün, P, Garnier, C and Omanović, D
(2019) Improved voltammetric methodology for chromium redox speciation in estuarine waters. Analytica Chimica Acta, 1089. 40 - 47.

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Abstract

Chromium is a toxic element naturally present in natural waters whose chemical speciation regulates its cycling, mobility and bioavailability. We present here: 1- an improved analytical method for chromium speciation (Cr(VI) vs Cr(III)) in estuarine samples by catalytic adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetric (cat-AdCSV) and 2- a study highlighting a significant change of redox speciation during summer and winter. Initial measurements first revealed that surface-active substances (SAS) present in estuarine samples strongly influenced the analytical determination of Cr by partially masking the Cr peak through an increase of the background current. We found that the application of a low negative accumulation potential (−1.65 V) resulted in much better voltammograms compared to those obtained using the usual accumulation potential of −1.0 V. Using humic acid (HA) as a model SAS of natural origin, we show that this negative potential clearly prevents adsorption of SAS on the Hg-electrode surface, which in turns benefits the adsorption of the in-situ formed Cr(III)-DTPA complex and the resulting signal. The optimised method was applied to determine chromium redox speciation and distribution along the 23 km long salinity gradient, well oxygenated, Krka River estuary (Croatia). Cr(VI) was found to be the dominant redox species in both summer and winter, with Cr(III) contribution being lower in summer (up to ∼30%, average of ∼5%) than in winter (up to ∼50%, average of ∼30%). In summer, lower concentrations of Cr(VI) were found in the freshwater end-member (2.5 nM) than in the seawater end-member (4–5 nM), while the opposite trend was found in winter. Hexavalent chromium exhibited a non-conservative behaviour along the salinity gradient for both seasons. Chromium predominantly exists in dissolved phase, and contribution of particles reactive Cr(III) was minor.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Chromium is a toxic element naturally present in natural waters whose chemical speciation regulates its cycling, mobility and bioavailability. We present here: 1- an improved analytical method for chromium speciation (Cr(VI) vs Cr(III)) in estuarine samples by catalytic adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetric (cat-AdCSV) and 2- a study highlighting a significant change of redox speciation during summer and winter. Initial measurements first revealed that surface-active substances (SAS) present in estuarine samples strongly influenced the analytical determination of Cr by partially masking the Cr peak through an increase of the background current. We found that the application of a low negative accumulation potential (−1.65 V) resulted in much better voltammograms compared to those obtained using the usual accumulation potential of −1.0 V. Using humic acid (HA) as a model SAS of natural origin, we show that this negative potential clearly prevents adsorption of SAS on the Hg-electrode surface, which in turns benefits the adsorption of the in-situ formed Cr(III)-DTPA complex and the resulting signal. The optimised method was applied to determine chromium redox speciation and distribution along the 23 km long salinity gradient, well oxygenated, Krka River estuary (Croatia). Cr(VI) was found to be the dominant redox species in both summer and winter, with Cr(III) contribution being lower in summer (up to ∼30%, average of ∼5%) than in winter (up to ∼50%, average of ∼30%). In summer, lower concentrations of Cr(VI) were found in the freshwater end-member (2.5 nM) than in the seawater end-member (4–5 nM), while the opposite trend was found in winter. Hexavalent chromium exhibited a non-conservative behaviour along the salinity gradient for both seasons. Chromium predominantly exists in dissolved phase, and contribution of particles reactive Cr(III) was minor.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chromium redox speciation, Estuary, Organic matter, Surface active substances
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2019 12:09
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2022 06:11
DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2019.09.014
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3057020