Resistance to amorphisation in Ca1-xLa2x/3TiO3 perovskites – a bulk ion-irradiation study

Lawson, SM, Hyatt, NC, Whittle, KR ORCID: 0000-0002-8000-0857 and Gandy, AS
(2019) Resistance to amorphisation in Ca1-xLa2x/3TiO3 perovskites – a bulk ion-irradiation study. Acta Materialia, 180. 180 - 188.

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The changes induced from 1 MeV Kr+ and 5 MeV Au+ ion irradiation at room temperature have been utilised to determine the impact of cation vacancies on the radiation damage response of bulk Ca1-xLa2x/3TiO3 perovskite structured ceramics. Perovskite systems have long been considered as candidate waste forms for the disposition of actinide wastes, and doping with multi-valent elements such as Pu may lead to cation deficiency. Based on GAXRD and TEM analysis, two regions of resistance/susceptibility to amorphisation have been confirmed with reference to CaTiO3. Increased resistance to amorphisation has been observed for 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.4, with an increased susceptibility to amorphisation for x ≥ 0.5. It is proposed that these processes are induced by enhanced recovery from radiation damage for 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.4, and reduced tolerance for disorder/the increasingly covalent nature of the A-O bond for x ≥ 0.5. Lattice parameter analysis of the x = 0 and 0.5 samples showed a saturation in radiation damage induced volume swelling at 4.7 ± 0.1% and 1.8 ± 0.1%, respectively, while the saturation limit for the b parameter was lower than the respective a and c orthorhombic parameters. In the x = 0.2 and 0.4 samples, amorphisation was not observed, however the b parameter was found to swell to a lesser extent than the a and c parameters. Swelling was not observed for the ion irradiated x ≥ 0.6 samples.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Perovskite, Nuclear materials, Radiation damage
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2019 09:01
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2021 03:02
DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2019.09.006
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