Genome-wide association study of INDELs identified four novel susceptibility loci associated with lung cancer risk

Dai, Juncheng, Huang, Mingtao, Amos, Christopher I, Hung, Rayjean J, Tardon, Adonina, Andrew, Angeline, Chen, Chu, Christiani, David C, Albanes, Demetrius, Rennert, Gadi
et al (show 29 more authors) (2020) Genome-wide association study of INDELs identified four novel susceptibility loci associated with lung cancer risk. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER, 146 (10). pp. 2855-2864.

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Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 45 susceptibility loci associated with lung cancer. Only less than SNPs, small insertions and deletions (INDELs) are the second most abundant genetic polymorphisms in the human genome. INDELs are highly associated with multiple human diseases, including lung cancer. However, limited studies with large-scale samples have been available to systematically evaluate the effects of INDELs on lung cancer risk. Here, we performed a large-scale meta-analysis to evaluate INDELs and their risk for lung cancer in 23,202 cases and 19,048 controls. Functional annotations were performed to further explore the potential function of lung cancer risk INDELs. Conditional analysis was used to clarify the relationship between INDELs and SNPs. Four new risk loci were identified in genome-wide INDEL analysis (1p13.2: rs5777156, Insertion, OR = 0.92, p = 9.10 × 10<sup>-8</sup> ; 4q28.2: rs58404727, Deletion, OR = 1.19, p = 5.25 × 10<sup>-7</sup> ; 12p13.31: rs71450133, Deletion, OR = 1.09, p = 8.83 × 10<sup>-7</sup> ; and 14q22.3: rs34057993, Deletion, OR = 0.90, p = 7.64 × 10<sup>-8</sup> ). The eQTL analysis and functional annotation suggested that INDELs might affect lung cancer susceptibility by regulating the expression of target genes. After conducting conditional analysis on potential causal SNPs, the INDELs in the new loci were still nominally significant. Our findings indicate that INDELs could be potentially functional genetic variants for lung cancer risk. Further functional experiments are needed to better understand INDEL mechanisms in carcinogenesis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: INDELs, lung cancer, genome-wide association studies
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2019 08:12
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:23
DOI: 10.1002/ijc.32698
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