1D-velocity structure and seismotectonics of the Ecuadorian margin inferred from the 2016 Mw7.8 Pedernales aftershock sequence

Leon-Rios, Sergio, Agurto-Detzel, Hans, Rietbrock, Andreas, Alvarado, Alexandra, Beck, Susan, Charvis, Phillipe, Edward, Benjamin, Font, Yvonne, Garth, Tom, Hoskins, Mariah
et al (show 7 more authors) (2019) 1D-velocity structure and seismotectonics of the Ecuadorian margin inferred from the 2016 Mw7.8 Pedernales aftershock sequence. TECTONOPHYSICS, 767. p. 228165.

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On April 16th 2016 a Mw 7.8 earthquake ruptured the central coastal segment of the Ecuadorian subduction zone. Shortly after the earthquake, the Instituto Geofisico de la Escuela Politecnica Nacional of Ecuador, together with several international institutions deployed a dense, temporary seismic network to accurately categorize the post-seismic aftershock sequence. Instrumentation included short-period and broadband sensors, along with Ocean Bottom Seismometers. This deployment complemented the permanent Ecuadorian seismic network and recorded the developing aftershock sequence for a period of one year following the main-shock. A subset of 345 events with ML > 3.5, were manually picked in the period of May to August 2016, providing highly accurate P- and S-onset times. From this catalogue, a high-quality dataset of 227 events, with an azimuthal gap <200°, are simultaneously inverted for, obtaining the minimum 1D velocity model for the rupture region, along with hypocentral locations and station corrections. We observe an average Vp/Vs of 1.82 throughout the study region, with relatively higher Vp/Vs values of 1.95 and 2.18 observed for the shallowest layers down to 7.5 km. The high relative Vp/Vs ratio (1.93) of the deeper section, between 30 km and 40 km, is attributed to dehydration and serpentinization processes. For the relocated seismicity distribution, clusters of events align perpendicular to the trench, and crustal seismicity is also evidenced, along with earthquakes located close to the trench axis. We also compute Regional Moment Tensors to analyze the different sources of seismicity after the mainshock. Aside from thrust events related to the subduction process, normal and strike-slip mechanisms are detected. We suggest that the presence of subducting seamounts coming from the Carnegie Ridge act as erosional agents, helping to create a scenario which promotes locking and allows seismicity to extend up to the trench, along zones of weakness activated after large earthquakes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2016 Pedernales earthquake, Ecuador, Velocity model, Subduction zone, Regional moment tensor, Aftershock sequence
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2019 16:48
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:20
DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2019.228165
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3060519