Iron Distribution in the Subtropical North Atlantic: The Pivotal Role of Colloidal Iron



Kunde, K, Wyatt, NJ, González‐Santana, D, Tagliabue, A ORCID: 0000-0002-3572-3634, Mahaffey, C ORCID: 0000-0002-4215-7271 and Lohan, MC
(2019) Iron Distribution in the Subtropical North Atlantic: The Pivotal Role of Colloidal Iron. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 33 (12). 1532 - 1547.

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Abstract

The low availability of the essential micronutrient iron (Fe) in the ocean impacts the efficiency of the biological carbon pump, and hence, it is vital to elucidate its sources, sinks, and internal cycling. We present size‐fractionated dissolved Fe (dFe, <0.2 μm) measurements from 130 surface samples and 7 full‐depth profiles from the subtropical North Atlantic during summer 2017 and demonstrate the pivotal role of colloidal (cFe, 0.02 to 0.2 μm) over soluble (sFe, <0.02 μm) Fe in controlling the dFe distribution. In the surface (<5 m), a strong west‐to‐east decrease in dFe (1.53 to 0.26 nM) was driven by a dust gradient, which retained dFe predominantly as cFe (61% to 85% of dFe), while sFe remained largely constant at 0.19 ± 0.05 nM. In the euphotic zone, the attenuation of dFe resulted from the depletion of cFe (0% to 30% of dFe), with scavenging as an important driver. In the mesopelagic, cFe was released from sinking biogenic and lithogenic particles, creating a zone of elevated dFe (0.7 to 1.0 nM) between 400 to 1100 m depth. While the ocean interior, below the mesopelagic and above the seafloor boundary, exhibited a narrow range of cFe (40% to 60% of dFe), the abyssal cFe fraction varied in range from 26% to 76% due to interactions with seafloor sediments and a hydrothermal source with almost 100% cFe. Overall, our results produced an hourglass shape for the vertical cFe‐to‐dFe fraction and highlight the primary control of cFe on the dFe distribution.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: dissolved iron, colloidal iron, subtropical North Atlantic, GEOTRACES
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2019 09:42
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2022 02:13
DOI: 10.1029/2019gb006326
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3062518