Effect of music listening on hypertonia in neurologically impaired patients - systematic review

Van Criekinge, Tamaya, D'Aout, KGG ORCID: 0000-0002-6043-7744, O'Brien, jonathon and Coutinho, E ORCID: 0000-0001-5234-1497
(2019) Effect of music listening on hypertonia in neurologically impaired patients - systematic review. PeerJ, 7.

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Background. As music listening is able to induce self-perceived and physiological signsof relaxation, it might be an interesting tool to induce muscle relaxation in patientswith hypertonia. To this date effective non-pharmacological rehabilitation strategies totreat hypertonia in neurologically impaired patients are lacking. Therefore the aim isto investigate the effectiveness of music listening on muscle activity and relaxation.Methodology. The search strategy was performed by the PRISMA guidelines andregistered in the PROSPERO database (no. 42019128511). Seven databases weresystematically searched until March 2019. Six of the 1,684 studies met the eligibilitycriteria and were included in this review. Risk of bias was assessed by the PEDro scale.In total 171 patients with a variety of neurological conditions were included assessinghypertonia with both clinicall and biomechanical measures.Results. The analysis showed that there was a large treatment effect of music listening onmuscle performance (SMD 0.96, 95% CI [0.29–1.63],I2=10%,Z=2.82,p=0.005).Music can be used as either background music during rehabilitation (dual-task) orduring rest (single-task) and musical preferences seem to play a major role in theobserved treatment effect.Conclusions. Although music listening is able to induce muscle relaxation, several gapsin the available literature were acknowledged. Future research is in need of an accurateand objective assessment of hypertonia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hypertonia, Spasticity, Music, Electromyography, Relaxation, Neurology
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2019 15:46
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2022 19:29
DOI: 10.7717/peerj.8228
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3067105

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