Viscoelastic fluid flow simulations in the e-VROCTM geometry

Zografos, Konstantinos ORCID: 0000-0001-5732-7803, Hartt, William, Hamersky, Mark, Oliveira, Mónica SN, Alves, Manuel A and Poole, Robert ORCID: 0000-0001-6686-4301
(2019) Viscoelastic fluid flow simulations in the e-VROCTM geometry. Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 278. p. 104222.

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Microfluidic contraction devices have been proposed for extensional rheometry measurements, in particular as a useful method for determining the extensional viscosity of low elasticity solutions. The first commercially available “Extensional Viscometer-Rheometer-On-a-Chip” (e-VROCTM), developed by Rheosense, is a hyperbolically-shaped contraction/expansion geometry which incorporates pressure-drop measurement capabilities. To better understand the underlying flow kinematics within this geometry we have conducted a numerical study performing three-dimensional numerical simulations for both Newtonian and viscoelastic fluids. For the viscoelastic fluids the simplified Phan-Thien and Tanner (sPTT) and the Finitely Extensible Nonlinear Elastic models (FENE-P) are employed, in order to investigate the efficiency of this configuration in terms of increasing Weissenberg numbers and to understand the effects of various model parameters on the flow field. Our Newtonian fluid results suggest that the e-VROCTM geometry produces only a small region of extensional flow and is mainly shear-dominated, potentially suggesting any pressure-drop measurements from this device may be related to viscoelastic first normal-stress differences developed via a combination of shear and extension, rather than solely pure extension. By a careful selection of the sPTT and FENE-P model parameters, such that steady-state viscometric properties in homogeneous flows are matched, we are able to show that a small enhanced pressure-drop is seen for both models, which is larger for the FENE-P model.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Extensional flow, Converging/diverging channels, Viscoelastic fluids, Rheometer-on-a-chip, sPTT, FENE-P
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2020 09:02
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:10
DOI: 10.1016/j.jnnfm.2019.104222
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