Simultaneous immobilization of the cadmium, lead and arsenic in paddy soils amended with titanium gypsum

Zhai, Weiwei, Dai, Yuxia, Zhao, Wenliang, Yuan, Honghong, Qiu, Dongsheng, Chen, Jingpan, Gustave, Williamson, Maguffin, Scott Charles, Chen, Zheng, Liu, Xingmei
et al (show 2 more authors) (2019) Simultaneous immobilization of the cadmium, lead and arsenic in paddy soils amended with titanium gypsum. Environmental Pollution, 258. p. 113790.

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In situ immobilization of heavy metals in contaminated soils using industrial by-products is an attractive remediation technique. In this work, titanium gypsum (TG) was applied at two levels (TG-L: 0.15% and TG-H: 0.30%) to simultaneously reduce the uptake of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and arsenic (As) in rice grown in heavy metal contaminated paddy soils. The results showed that the addition of TG significantly decreased the pH and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in the bulk soil. TG addition significantly improved the rice plants growth and reduced the bioavailability of Cd, Pb and As. Particularly, bioavailable Cd, Pb and As decreased by 35.2%, 38.1% and 38.0% in TG-H treatment during the tillering stage, respectively. Moreover, TG application significantly reduced the accumulation of Cd, Pb and As in brown rice. Real-time PCR analysis demonstrated that the relative abundance of sulfate-reducing bacteria increased with the TG application, but not for the iron-reducing bacteria. In addition, 16S rRNA sequencing analysis revealed that the relative abundances of heavy metal-resistant bacteria such as Bacillus, Sulfuritalea, Clostridium, Sulfuricella, Geobacter, Nocardioides and Sulfuricurvum at the genus level significantly increased with the TG addition. In conclusion, the present study implied that TG is a potential and effective amendment to immobilize metal(loid)s in soil and thereby reduce the exposure risk of metal(loid)s associated with rice consumption.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Titanium gypsum, Heavy metals, Immobilization, Paddy soil, Rice
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2020 15:25
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:10
DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113790
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