Highly luminous supernovae associated with gamma-ray bursts I. GRB 111209A/SN 2011kl in the context of stripped-envelope and superluminous supernovae

Kann, DA, Schady, P, Olivares, FE, Klose, S, Rossi, A, Perley, DA, Kruehler, T, Greiner, J, Guelbenzu, A Nicuesa, Elliott, J
et al (show 15 more authors) (2019) Highly luminous supernovae associated with gamma-ray bursts I. GRB 111209A/SN 2011kl in the context of stripped-envelope and superluminous supernovae. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 624. A143-.

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GRB 111209A, one of the longest Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) ever observed, is linked to SN 2011kl, the most luminous GRB-Supernova (SN) detected so far, which shows evidence for being powered by a magnetar central engine. We place SN 2011kl into the context of large samples of SNe, addressing in more detail the question of whether it could be radioactively powered, and whether it represents an extreme version of a GRB-SN or an underluminous Superluminous SN (SLSN). We model SN 2011kl using SN 1998bw as a template and derive a bolometric light curve including near-infrared data. We compare the properties of SN 2011kl to literature results on stripped-envelope and superluminous supernovae. Comparison in the k,s context, i.e., comparing it to SN 1998bw templates in terms of luminosity and light-curve stretch, clearly shows SN 2011kl is the most luminous GRB-SN to date, and it is spectrally very dissimilar to other events, being significantly bluer/hotter. Although SN 2011kl does not reach the classical luminosity threshold of SLSNe and evolves faster than any of them, it resembles SLSNe more than the classical GRB-associated broad-lined Type Ic SNe in several aspects. GRB 111209A was a very energetic event, both at early (prompt emission) and at very late (SN) times. We have shown in a further publication that with the exception of the extreme duration, the GRB and afterglow parameters are in agreement with the known distributions for these parameters. SN 2011kl, on the other hand, is exceptional both in luminosity and spectral characteristics, indicating that GRB 111209A was likely not powered by a standard-model collapsar central engine, further supporting our earlier conclusions. Instead, it reveals the possibility of a direct link between GRBs and SLSNe.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: A&A, in press; v4: updated, text compressed, references removed upon request of the referee; 21 pages: 17 pages article, 2 pages tables
Uncontrolled Keywords: gamma-ray burst: individual: 111209A, supernovae: individual: 2011kl, stars: neutron
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2020 09:02
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:09
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201629162
Open Access URL: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10733/
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3070723