Metabolism of multiple glycosaminoglycans by Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron is orchestrated by a versatile core genetic locus



Ndeh, Didier, Baslé, Arnaud, Strahl, Henrik, Yates, Edwin A ORCID: 0000-0001-9365-5433, McClurgg, Urszula L, Henrissat, Bernard, Terrapon, Nicolas and Cartmell, Alan ORCID: 0000-0002-5512-249X
(2020) Metabolism of multiple glycosaminoglycans by Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron is orchestrated by a versatile core genetic locus. Nature Communications, 11.

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Abstract

The human gut microbiota (HGM), which is critical to human health, utilises complex glycans as its major carbon source. Glycosaminoglycans represent an important, high priority, nutrient source for the HGM. Pathways for the metabolism of various glycosaminoglycan substrates remain ill-defined. Here we perform a biochemical, genetic and structural dissection of the genetic loci that orchestrates glycosaminoglycan metabolism in the organism Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron. Here, we report: the discovery of two previously unknown surface glycan binding proteins which facilitate glycosaminoglycan import into the periplasm; distinct kinetic and genetic specificities of various periplasmic lyases which dictate glycosaminoglycan metabolic pathways; understanding of endo sulfatase activity questioning the paradigm of how the ‘sulfation problem’ is handled by the HGM; and 3D crystal structures of the polysaccharide utilisation loci encoded sulfatases. Together with comparative genomic studies, our study fills major gaps in our knowledge of glycosaminoglycan metabolism by the HGM.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Glycobiology, Microbiome, Polysaccharides, X-ray crystallography
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2020 08:29
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2021 01:11
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-14509-4
Open Access URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-14509-4
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3073445